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Timor-Leste: Divided leadership in a semi-presidential system

Shoesmith, Dennis (2003). Timor-Leste: Divided leadership in a semi-presidential system. Asian Survey: a bi-monthly review of contemporary Asian affairs,43(2):231-252.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 17 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Title Timor-Leste: Divided leadership in a semi-presidential system
Author Shoesmith, Dennis
Journal Name Asian Survey: a bi-monthly review of contemporary Asian affairs
Publication Date 2003
Volume Number 43
Issue Number 2
ISSN 0004-4687   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-0037982717
Start Page 231
End Page 252
Total Pages 22
Place of Publication Berkeley, California, United States
Publisher University of California Press
Field of Research 1606 - Political Science
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract The semi-presidential system in the new state of Timor-Leste has institutionalized a political struggle between the president, Xanana Gusmao, and the prime minister, Mari Alkatiri. This has polarized political alliances and threatens the viability of the new state. This paper explains the ideological divisions and the history of rivalry between these two key political actors. The adoption of Marxism by Fretilin in 1977 led to Gusmao's repudiation of the party in the 1980s and his decision to remove Falintil, the guerrilla movement, from Fretilin control. The power struggle between the two leaders is then examined in the transition to independence. This includes an account of the politicization of the defense and police forces and attempts by Minister of Internal Administration Rogerio Lobato to use disaffected Falintil veterans as a counterforce to the Gusmao loyalists in the army. The December 4, 2002, Dili riots are explained in the context of this political struggle.
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