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Morphology and taxonomy of the Top End Bamboo Bambusa arnhemica F. Muell., a little known bamboo from northern Australia

Franklin, Donald C. (2003). Morphology and taxonomy of the Top End Bamboo Bambusa arnhemica F. Muell., a little known bamboo from northern Australia. Bamboo Science and Culture: the journal of the American Bamboo Society,17(1):44-54.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Morphology and taxonomy of the Top End Bamboo Bambusa arnhemica F. Muell., a little known bamboo from northern Australia
Author Franklin, Donald C.
Journal Name Bamboo Science and Culture: the journal of the American Bamboo Society
Publication Date 2003
Volume Number 17
Issue Number 1
ISSN 1535-7635   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 44
End Page 54
Total Pages 11
Place of Publication United States
Publisher American Bamboo Society
Field of Research 0607 - Plant Biology
0705 - Forestry Sciences
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract The first comprehensive morphological description of Bambusa arnhemica, a little-known species from the monsoonal tropics of northern Australia, is provided. Bambusa arnhemica is a medium-sized, pachymorph, unicaespitose and thorny bamboo. Its affinities remain unclear, although its inclusion in Bambusa is confirmed on the basis of a range of traits including the pseudospikelet, floret, caryopsis and thorny basal branches. Features of the species include: culm sheaths that lack auricle lobes; trimerous, thorny basal branches that contrast with the thornless, unrestricted branch complements of the upper culm; slender, rigid thorns that rarely give rise to leafy shoots; the formation of caducous leaf-like inflorescence bracts immediately prior to flowering, and culm shoots of highly variable colour. No synonymous Australian or Asian species could be identified, and it is concluded that B. arnhemica is endemic to Australia.
 
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Created: Fri, 12 Sep 2008, 08:35:25 CST by Administrator