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Kava use, dyslipidaemia and biomarkers of dietary quality in Aboriginal people in Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory (NT), Australia

Clough, AR, Rowley, K and ODea, K (2004). Kava use, dyslipidaemia and biomarkers of dietary quality in Aboriginal people in Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory (NT), Australia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition,58:1090-1093.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Kava use, dyslipidaemia and biomarkers of dietary quality in Aboriginal people in Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory (NT), Australia
Author Clough, AR
Rowley, K
ODea, K
Journal Name European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication Date 2004
Volume Number 58
ISSN 0954-3007   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 1090
End Page 1093
Place of Publication Paris, France
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Heavy kava use has been associated with sudden death in Aboriginal Australians in Arnhem Land ( Northern Territory, Australia) where poor diets and a high incidence of premature coronary heart disease are known. Heavy kava users may suffer additional risk if further malnourished. Among 98 people (62 males, 36 females) in one community, 36 never used kava, 26 were past users, and 36 were continuing users. Across kava-using groups skinfold thickness, body mass index and body fat decreased. Total- and LDL-cholesterol were elevated in kava users compared to both former users and never users. HDL-cholesterol was higher in current users vs never users. Across kava-using groups, triglycerides, homocysteine and diet-derived antioxidant vitamins alpha-tocopherol and retinol, did not vary. Plasma carotenoid levels (indicative of vegetable and fruit intake) were very low, but when adjusted for plasma cholesterol, did not vary between kava-using groups. An obsession for kava drinking may mediate kava's direct effects on nutritional status.
Keywords kava
aborigines
australia
lipids
antioxidants
carotenoids
health
community
carotenoids
dermopathy
heart
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601921   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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