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Venomous Snakebites Worldwide with a Focus on the Australia-Pacific Region: Current Management and Controversies

Cheng, Allen C. and Currie, Bart J. (2004). Venomous Snakebites Worldwide with a Focus on the Australia-Pacific Region: Current Management and Controversies. Journal of Intensive Care Medicine,19(5):259-269.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Venomous Snakebites Worldwide with a Focus on the Australia-Pacific Region: Current Management and Controversies
Author Cheng, Allen C.
Currie, Bart J.
Journal Name Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Publication Date 2004
Volume Number 19
Issue Number 5
ISSN 0885-0666   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 259
End Page 269
Total Pages 11
Place of Publication US
Publisher Sage Publications, Inc.
Field of Research 1110 - Nursing
1103 - Clinical Sciences
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Snakebites are estimated to cause approximately 100,000 deaths each year worldwide and disproportionately affect rural populations in resource-poor settings. Snake venoms may produce local tissue damage and/or distinct clinical syndromes, including neurotoxicity, coagulopathy, hypotension, rhabdomyolysis, and renal failure. Field management is aimed at delaying systemic absorption of toxins, minimizing local damage and infection, and expediting transport to medical facilities. The use of the pressureimmobilization method remains controversial. The use of antivenom, administered in a timely fashion and in adequate doses, is the mainstay of hospital treatment of significant envenomation. The availability, efficacy, and safety of antivenoms vary throughout the world, with a current crisis in antivenom supplies.
Keywords snakebites
antivenoms
antivenins
developing countries
neurotoxins
blood coagulation disorders
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0885066604265799   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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Created: Fri, 12 Sep 2008, 08:35:25 CST by Administrator