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The worldwide leaf economics spectrum

Wright, Ian J., Reich, Peter B., Westoby, Mark, Ackerly, David D., Baruch, Zdravko, Bongers, Frans, Cavender-Bares, Jeannine, Chapin, Terry, Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Diemer, Matthias, Flexas, Jaume, Garnier, Eric, Groom, Philip K., Gulias, Javier, Hikosaka, Kouki, Lamont, Byron B., Lee, Tali, Lee, William, Lusk, Christopher, Prior, Lynda D. and et al. (2004). The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature,428(6985):821-827.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title The worldwide leaf economics spectrum
Author Wright, Ian J.
Reich, Peter B.
Westoby, Mark
Ackerly, David D.
Baruch, Zdravko
Bongers, Frans
Cavender-Bares, Jeannine
Chapin, Terry
Cornelissen, Johannes H. C.
Diemer, Matthias
Flexas, Jaume
Garnier, Eric
Groom, Philip K.
Gulias, Javier
Hikosaka, Kouki
Lamont, Byron B.
Lee, Tali
Lee, William
Lusk, Christopher
Prior, Lynda D.
et al.
Journal Name Nature
Publication Date 2004
Volume Number 428
Issue Number 6985
ISSN 0028-0836   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-11144357645
Start Page 821
End Page 827
Total Pages 7
Place of Publication UK
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Field of Research 0501 - Ecological Applications
0502 - Environmental Science and Management
0607 - Plant Biology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Bringing together leaf trait data spanning 2,548 species and 175 sites we describe, for the first time at global scale, a universal spectrum of leaf economics consisting of key chemical, structural and physiological properties. The spectrum runs from quick to slow return on investments of nutrients and dry mass in leaves, and operates largely independently of growth form, plant functional type or biome. Categories along the spectrum would, in general, describe leaf economic variation at the global scale better than plant functional types, because functional types overlap substantially in their leaf traits. Overall, modulation of leaf traits and trait relationships by climate is surprisingly modest, although some striking and significant patterns can be seen. Reliable quantification of the leaf economics spectrum and its interaction with climate will prove valuable for modelling nutrient fluxes and vegetation boundaries under changing land-use and climate.
Keywords photosynthesis-nitrogen relations
use efficiency
dry mass
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