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Preliminary report on the northern Australian melioidosis environmental surveillance project

Inglis, T. J . J., Foster, N. F., Gal, Daniel, Powell, K., Mayo, Mark J., Norton, R. and Currie, Bart J. (2004). Preliminary report on the northern Australian melioidosis environmental surveillance project. Epidemiology and Infection,132(5):813-820.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Preliminary report on the northern Australian melioidosis environmental surveillance project
Author Inglis, T. J . J.
Foster, N. F.
Gal, Daniel
Powell, K.
Mayo, Mark J.
Norton, R.
Currie, Bart J.
Journal Name Epidemiology and Infection
Publication Date 2004
Volume Number 132
Issue Number 5
ISSN 0950-2688   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 813
End Page 820
Total Pages 8
Place of Publication Cambridge, U.K
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Field of Research 0605 - Microbiology
0799 - Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
1107 - Immunology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract An environmental surveillance programme was developed to determine whether water supplies could be a source of Burkholderia pseudomallei as noted during previous melioidosis outbreak investigations. Water supplies to communities in the three northern Australian jurisdictions (Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland) were sampled periodically during 2001 and 2002. Water and soil samples were collected from communities known to have had recent culture-positive melioidosis cases and nearby communities where no cases had been diagnosed. Clinical isolates of B. pseudomallei obtained from northern Australian patients during 2001 and 2002 were compared with the environmental B. pseudomallei isolates by ribotyping and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. B. pseudomallei was isolated from 11 distinct locations, all in the Northern Territory, seven of which were associated with culture-positive melioidosis cases (>1 case at three locations). Water was implicated as a possible environmental source of melioidosis in six locations. A variety of free-living amoebae including Acanthamoeba and Hartmannella spp. that are potential hosts to B. pseudomallei were recovered from environmental specimens. Culturable B. pseudomallei was not found to be widely dispersed in the environments sampled.
Keywords melioidosis
Burkholderia pseudomallei
Northern Territory
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