Charles Darwin University

CDU eSpace
Institutional Repository

 
CDU Staff and Student only
 

Evaluation of the stability of arsenic immobilized by microbial sulfate reduction using TCLP extractions and long-term leaching techniques

Jong, Tony J. and Parry, David L. (2005). Evaluation of the stability of arsenic immobilized by microbial sulfate reduction using TCLP extractions and long-term leaching techniques. Chemosphere,60(2):254-265.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 18 times in Scopus Article | Citations

Google Scholar Search Google Scholar

Title Evaluation of the stability of arsenic immobilized by microbial sulfate reduction using TCLP extractions and long-term leaching techniques
Author Jong, Tony J.
Parry, David L.
Journal Name Chemosphere
Publication Date 2005
Volume Number 60
Issue Number 2
ISSN 1879-1298   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-19444378780
Start Page 254
End Page 265
Total Pages 12
Place of Publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Field of Research 0399 - Other Chemical Sciences
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract An investigation was conducted to evaluate the stability or leachability of arsenic immobilized by microbial sulfate reduction. Anoxic solid-phase samples taken from a bioreactor previously used to treat metal and As contaminated water using sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) were subjected to the toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP) and long-term column leaching tests. The results from TCLP experiments showed that the concentration of As leached from solid-phase sulfide material (SSM) samples after an 18 h extraction time was <300 lg l1, which is below the current maximum Australian TCLP leachate value for As, and thus would not be characterized as a hazardous waste. In terms of percent total As leached, this was equivalent to <8.5% for SSM samples initially containing 61.3 mg kg1 As. The levels of As extracted by the TCLP was found to be significantly lowered or underestimated in the presence of dissolved oxygen, with As concentrations increasing with decreasing headspace-to-leachant volume ratios. The concentration of As was also consistently higher in nitrogen purged extractions compared to those performed in air. This was attributed to the dissolution of Fe–sulfide precipitates and subsequent oxidation of Fe(II) ions and precipitation of ferric(hydr)oxides, resulting in the adsorption of soluble As and corresponding decrease in As concentrations. According to the experimental data, it is recommended that TCLP tests for As leachability should be performed at least in zeroheadspace vessels or preferably under nitrogen to minimize the oxidation of Fe(II) to ferric(hydr)oxides. In long-term leaching studies (68 days), it was found that the low solubility of the SSM ensured that rate of release of As was relatively slow, and the resulting leachate concentrations of As were below the current Australian guideline concentration for arsenic in drinking water.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.12.046   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 61 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 12 Sep 2008, 08:35:25 CST by Administrator