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Is there a Pleistocene archaeological site at Cuddie Springs?

Gillespie, R. and Brook, Barry W. (2006). Is there a Pleistocene archaeological site at Cuddie Springs?. Archaeology in Oceania,41(1):1-11.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Is there a Pleistocene archaeological site at Cuddie Springs?
Author Gillespie, R.
Brook, Barry W.
Journal Name Archaeology in Oceania
Publication Date 2006
Volume Number 41
Issue Number 1
ISSN 0003-8121   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 1
End Page 11
Total Pages 11
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Oceania Publications
Field of Research 2101 - Archaeology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract The juxtaposition of stone tools, charcoal and bones at Cuddie Springs has been used to support claims that people were butchering now-extinct animals, and grinding seeds about 30,000 BP. Statistical analysis of dates for the site shows significant sediment disturbance, and the anomalous presence of hair residues in the absence of bone collagen suggests that bones and stone tools are not the same age. We argue that the published studies on the Cuddie Springs claypan deposits do not show a stratified and undisturbed Late Pleistocene archaeological site, as proposed by the excavators, instead revealing a palimpsest of Late Holocene and European occupational debris superimposed on a much longer-term record of Quaternary landscape evolution. There is no reliable evidence that extinct Australian megafauna coexisted with people using seed-grinding technology at Cuddie Springs, nullifying the excavators' support for climate change models of extinction and dietary choice.
Keywords extinction
megafauna
pleistocene
seed-grinding
palaeochannels
new-south-wales
human occupation
late quaternary
lake mungo
australia
bone
megafauna
charcoal
ages
crystallinity
 
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