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Impact of protection on nest take and nesting success of parrots in Africa, Asia and Australasia

Pain, D., Martins, T., Boussekey, M., Diaz, S., Downs, C., Ekstrom, J., Garnett, Stephen, Gilardi, J., Mcniven, D., Primot, P., Rouys, S., Saoumoé, M, Symes, C, Tamungang, S, Theuerkauf, J, Villafuerte, D, Verfailles, L, Widmann, P and Widmann, I (2006). Impact of protection on nest take and nesting success of parrots in Africa, Asia and Australasia. Animal Conservation,9(3):322-330.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 18 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 22 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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ISI LOC 000239112600014
Title Impact of protection on nest take and nesting success of parrots in Africa, Asia and Australasia
Author Pain, D.
Martins, T.
Boussekey, M.
Diaz, S.
Downs, C.
Ekstrom, J.
Garnett, Stephen
Gilardi, J.
Mcniven, D.
Primot, P.
Rouys, S.
Saoumoé, M
Symes, C
Tamungang, S
Theuerkauf, J
Villafuerte, D
Verfailles, L
Widmann, P
Widmann, I
Journal Name Animal Conservation
Publication Date 2006
Volume Number 9
Issue Number 3
ISSN 1367-9430   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-33746314947
Start Page 322
End Page 330
Total Pages 9
Place of Publication UK
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Field of Research 0502 - Environmental Science and Management
0602 - Ecology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Wild parrots represent one of the greatest commercial interests in the legal trade in wild birds. Although it is difficult to quantify, there is a considerable illegal trade in wild parrots. Thirty-six per cent of the world's parrot species are listed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature as threatened or near threatened, and 55% of these are threatened to some degree by trade. In this paper, we investigate the impact of protection on the number of nests that failed because of nestlings being taken by humans (hereafter nest take) and on nesting success in parrots. We collate data on parrot nest take from published and unpublished studies from Africa, Asia and Australasia, including countries and sites with and without national and local parrot protection measures in place. Nest take was insignificant in Australia, where all studies were from areas with both local and national protection. For less developed countries, levels of nest take were variable between studies, spanning the whole range from 0 to 100%. Protection significantly reduced nest take and correspondingly increased nesting success. Our results corroborate those for the Neotropics; thus, the advantages of protection appear to be independent of geographical location or political and economic conditions. We analysed data on legal trade in wild-caught parrots before and after implementation of the 1992 Wild Bird Conservation Act (which practically eliminated import of parrots to the USA) and found that there was no apparent shift in parrot imports to other global regions from the Neotropics. We suggest that conservation of parrots globally would benefit from similar legislation introduced in other regions, such as the EU (15), which is responsible for more than 60% of global imports of wild parrots.
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