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Snake bite: a current approach to management

Isbister, Geoffrey K. (2006). Snake bite: a current approach to management. Australian Prescriber,29(5):125-129.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Snake bite: a current approach to management
Author Isbister, Geoffrey K.
Journal Name Australian Prescriber
Publication Date 2006
Volume Number 29
Issue Number 5
ISSN 0312-8008   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 125
End Page 129
Total Pages 5
Place of Publication Deakin, ACT, Australia
Publisher National Prescribing Service Ltd
HERDC Category C2 - Journal Article - Other contributions to refereed journal (internal)
Abstract Snake envenoming is uncommon but potentially life-threatening. It is characterised by systemic effects including coagulopathy, neurotoxicity, myotoxicity and renal impairment. Pressure immobilisation bandaging is safe and appears to be effective first aid if applied correctly soon after the bite. Each Australian snake causes a characteristic clinical syndrome which can be used with information about the geographical distribution of snakes to determine which snake is involved when a patient is envenomed. Snake venom detection kits are available to help identify the causative snake. Antivenoms are available for the five major groups of snakes and are the mainstay of therapy in patients with systemic envenoming. Antivenom should be administered by slow intravenous infusion in a critical care area. Serious adverse reactions to antivenoms are uncommon.
Keywords antivenom
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