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Tuberculosis control in conflict-affected East Timor, 1996-2004

Martins, N, Heldal, E, Sarmento, J, Araujo, RM, Rolandsen, EB and Kelly, PM (2006). Tuberculosis control in conflict-affected East Timor, 1996-2004. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease,10(9):975-981.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 9 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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ISI LOC 000240012200007
Title Tuberculosis control in conflict-affected East Timor, 1996-2004
Author Martins, N
Heldal, E
Sarmento, J
Araujo, RM
Rolandsen, EB
Kelly, PM
Journal Name International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Publication Date 2006
Volume Number 10
Issue Number 9
ISSN 1027-3719   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 975
End Page 981
Place of Publication France
Publisher International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract SETTING: East Timor has undergone major political changes in the past 10 years. Tuberculosis (TB) control has flourished, despite chronic low tension conflict, a brief but intense period of high-level conflict and post-conflict reconstruction. OBJECTIVE: To assess TB control in East Timor from 1996 to 2004. DESIGN: Data were collected from a variety of sources. Key TB programme indicators were analysed with reference to WHO targets to assess the performance of the three TB control programmes that operated during the study period. RESULTS: Before 1999,anon-governmental TB control programme was established in several districts in parallel with the government TB programme, and showed optimistic results. External donor funds, technical assistance and local control strategies were key components. In 1999, conflict led to complete disruption of both programmes. In 2000, a National Tuberculosis Control Programme (NTP) was established from the non-governmental programme in collaboration with other partners. The smear-positive TB case notification rate of 108 per 100000 population is the highest in the region and reflects high population coverage. The cure rate of 81% is close to reaching the WHO target. CONCLUSION: High-quality TB control has been introduced in conflict-affected East Timor. Further research is needed to examine Timorese approaches to inform other, similar settings.
Keywords tuberculosis
east timor
war
health services
epidemiology
complex emergencies
services
district
sudan
 
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