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Necrotizing fasciitis in captive juvenile Crocodylus porosus caused by Streptococcus agalactiae: an outbreak and review of the animal and human literature

Bishop, Emma J., Shilton, C., Benedict, S., Kong, F., Gilbert, G. L., Gal, Daniel, Godoy, Daniel, Spratt, B. G. and Currie, Bart J. (2007). Necrotizing fasciitis in captive juvenile Crocodylus porosus caused by Streptococcus agalactiae: an outbreak and review of the animal and human literature. Epidemiology and Infection,135(8):1248-1255.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 10139xPUB77
Title Necrotizing fasciitis in captive juvenile Crocodylus porosus caused by Streptococcus agalactiae: an outbreak and review of the animal and human literature
Author Bishop, Emma J.
Shilton, C.
Benedict, S.
Kong, F.
Gilbert, G. L.
Gal, Daniel
Godoy, Daniel
Spratt, B. G.
Currie, Bart J.
Journal Name Epidemiology and Infection
Publication Date 2007
Volume Number 135
Issue Number 8
ISSN 0950-2688   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 1248
End Page 1255
Total Pages 8
Place of Publication Cambridge, U.K
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Field of Research 0605 - Microbiology
0799 - Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
1107 - Immunology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract We observed an outbreak of necrotizing fasciitis associated with Streptococcus agalactiae infection in a group of juvenile saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus). We undertook screening of crocodiles and the environment to clarify the source of the outbreak and evaluated the isolates cultured from post-mortem specimens with molecular methods to assess clonality and the presence of known group B streptococcal virulence determinants. The isolates were indistinguishable by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. They were a typical serotype Ia strain with the Cα-like protein gene, epsilon (or alp1), the mobile genetic elements IS 381 IS Sag1 and IS Sag2, and belonged to multi-locus sequence type (ST) 23. All of these characteristics suggest they were probably of human origin. We review the medical and veterinary literature relating to S. agalactiae necrotizing fasciitis, epidemiology and virulence determinants.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268807008515   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)


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