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What's on the menu? Options for strengthening the policy and regulatory framework for the exchange, use and conservation of animal genetic resources

Hiemstra, S.J., Drucker, A.G., Tveldt, M.W., Louwaars, N., Oldenbroek, J.K., Awgichew, K., Abegaz Kebede, S., Bhat, P.N. and da Silva Mariante, A. (2007). What's on the menu? Options for strengthening the policy and regulatory framework for the exchange, use and conservation of animal genetic resources. In: Interlaken International Conference, Interlaken, Switzerland, 3-7 September 2007.

Document type: Conference Paper
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Author Hiemstra, S.J.
Drucker, A.G.
Tveldt, M.W.
Louwaars, N.
Oldenbroek, J.K.
Awgichew, K.
Abegaz Kebede, S.
Bhat, P.N.
da Silva Mariante, A.
Title What's on the menu? Options for strengthening the policy and regulatory framework for the exchange, use and conservation of animal genetic resources
Conference Name Interlaken International Conference
Conference Location Interlaken, Switzerland
Conference Dates 3-7 September 2007
Conference Publication Title Animal Genetic Resources Information, Special Issue: Interlaken International Conference
Place of Publication Rome, Italy
Publisher Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (F A O)
Publication Year 2007
Volume Number 41
ISSN 1014-2339   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 65
End Page 74
Total Pages 10
Field of Research 1605 - Policy and Administration
HERDC Category E1 - Conference Publication (DEST)
Abstract
This paper addresses major issues and challenges for Animal Genetic Resources (AnGR) and the livestock sector, as well as options for further development of policies or regulatory approaches. Three main areas were identified, i) how we can halt the further erosion of genetic diversity and promote sustainable breeding and use, ii) whether there is a need to regulate the exchange of genetic material and iii) how to balance different systems of rights (e.g. sovereign rights of nations, intellectual property rights, communal rights or rights of livestock keepers). To halt further erosion, complementary ex-situ and in-situ conservation approaches are needed and breeding and marketing of local breeds should be strengthened. Secondly, recognizing the importance of the exchange of AnGR, broad access and responsible and equitable exchange mechanisms should be further promoted. Thirdly, regarding intellectual property rights, there is a need to adapt the application of the patent system to the special circumstances inherent in animal breeding. Moreover, possible sui generis systems should be further explored in order to better balance different rights systems. Rather than developing a new or adapted internationally legally binding framework, the intergovernmental process under FAO may instead wish to focus, in the first instance, on the development of voluntary instruments to strengthen national policies and the implementation of action at national levels. Debates and developments related to international agreements in the crop sector have also tended to frame the debate for AnGR. However, before launching into a discussion on whether or not an ‘FAO Animal Treaty’ would be needed, one should first of all clarify the problems to be dealt with and regulated via an international regime.
Additional Notes Published in: Animal Genetic Resources:an international journal - ISSN:1014-2339
Description for Link Link to published version
URL http://www.fao.org/3/a-a1206t.pdf
 
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Created: Fri, 12 Sep 2008, 08:35:25 CST by Administrator