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A canopy-scale test of the optimal water-use hypothesis

Schymanski, S., Roderick, M., Sivapalan, M., Hutley, Lindsay and Beringer, Jason (2008). A canopy-scale test of the optimal water-use hypothesis. Plant, Cell and Environment,31(1):97-111.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 73195523xPUB31
Title A canopy-scale test of the optimal water-use hypothesis
Author Schymanski, S.
Roderick, M.
Sivapalan, M.
Hutley, Lindsay
Beringer, Jason
Journal Name Plant, Cell and Environment
Publication Date 2008
Volume Number 31
Issue Number 1
ISSN 0140-7791   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-36749030642
Start Page 97
End Page 111
Total Pages 15
Place of Publication UK
Publisher Blackwell Publishing
Field of Research 0602 - Ecology
0607 - Plant Biology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Common empirical models of stomatal conductivity often incorporate a sensitivity of stomata to the rate of leaf photosynthesis. Such a sensitivity has been predicted on theoretical terms by Cowan and Farquhar, who postulated that stomata should adjust dynamically to maximize photosynthesis for a given water loss. In this study, we implemented the Cowan and Farquhar hypothesis of optimal stomatal conductivity into a canopy gas exchange model, and predicted the diurnal and daily variability of transpiration for a savanna site in the wet-dry tropics of northern Australia. The predicted transpiration dynamics were then compared with observations at the site using the eddy covariance technique. The observations were also used to evaluate two alternative approaches: constant conductivity and a tuned empirical model. The model based on the optimal water-use hypothesis performed better than the one based on constant stomatal conductivity, and at least as well as the tuned empirical model. This suggests that the optimal water-use hypothesis is useful for modelling canopy gas exchange, and that it can reduce the need for model parameterization.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3040.2007.01740.x   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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