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Evaluation of non-timber forest product species as potential elements of agroforestry systems

Cunningham, A.B., Garnett, S.T. and Stacey, N. (2007). Evaluation of non-timber forest product species as potential elements of agroforestry systems. In: Djoeroemana, S., Myers, B., Russell-Smith, J., Blyth, M. and Salean, E.I.T. Integrated rural development in east Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia: Workshop to Identify Sustainable Rural Livelihoods, Kupang, Indonesia, 5-7 April 2006.

Document type: Conference Paper
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IRMA ID 78220986xPUB1
Author Cunningham, A.B.
Garnett, S.T.
Stacey, N.
Title Evaluation of non-timber forest product species as potential elements of agroforestry systems
Conference Name Integrated rural development in east Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia: Workshop to Identify Sustainable Rural Livelihoods
Conference Location Kupang, Indonesia
Conference Dates 5-7 April 2006
Conference Publication Title Integrated rural development in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia = Pembangunan pedesaan terpadu di Nusa Tenggara Timur, Indonesia : proceeding of a workshop to identify sustainable rural livelihoods
Editor Djoeroemana, S.
Myers, B.
Russell-Smith, J.
Blyth, M.
Salean, E.I.T.
Place of Publication Canberra, A.C.T.
Publisher Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR)
Publication Year 2007
Issue Number 126
ISBN 1863205268 (print) - 1863205276 (online)   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
ISSN 0816-4266   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 174
End Page 181
Total Pages 8
HERDC Category E2 - Conference Publication - Full written paper, non refereed proceedings (internal)
Abstract Eastern Indonesia's high biological and cultural diversity is reflected in diverse and dynamic agroforestry systems. Systematic evaluation of non-timber forest products produced from agroforestry systems can identify those that could generate returns to help lift rural families out of poverty. What are the characteristics of 'winning products'? Which of these can be linked to Fairtrade or certification to reach selected markets? These are important questions at a time when farm income is in decline in West Timor and in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) generally for a variety of reasons, including technological change, low commodity prices and globalisation. Although farm income is in decline, agriculture and agroforestry are still the main sources of total household income for rural households, followed by income from marine resources. On drier islands, agriculture contributes a much smaller component of household income. Two off-farm sources are crucial to many households: first, income from the processing and sale of non-timber forest products (such as from palm species, kutu lak and woven textiles); and second, remittances from emigrants commonly working in Malaysia and the Middle East (particularly Saudi Arabia). The income share from handicrafts is higher on drier islands such as West Timor, Sumba, Lembata and Rote. Commercial trade in the higher value non-timber forest products in NTT, such as sandalwood and gaharu (Aquilaria resin), has a very long history, often characterised by overexploitation of wild populations and market control by well-connected traders. In some cases species have been added to agroforestry systems for social, economic and cultural reasons. Selecting 'winning' species for agroforestry systems in West Timor should be based not only on economic values, but also on cultural and social context including land tenure, prospects for local value-adding, market security and lessons from the past.
Additional Notes ACIAR Proceedings Series 2007
 
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