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Cancer in Indigenous Australians: A review

Condon, John R., Armstrong, B. K., Barnes, Tony and Cunningham, Joan (2003). Cancer in Indigenous Australians: A review. Cancer Causes and Control,14(2):109-121.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 53 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Title Cancer in Indigenous Australians: A review
Author Condon, John R.
Armstrong, B. K.
Barnes, Tony
Cunningham, Joan
Journal Name Cancer Causes and Control
Publication Date 2003
Volume Number 14
Issue Number 2
ISSN 0957-5243   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-0038637767
Start Page 109
End Page 121
Total Pages 13
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Field of Research 1117 - Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Objectives: To summarize for the first time evidence of the impact of cancer on Indigenous Australians. Methods: Medline search of peer-reviewed scientific journals, and extensive search of reports of government agencies, publications of cancer registries and non-government organizations, and other non-peer-reviewed sources. Results: Indigenous Australians have much higher incidence rates than other Australians of cancers of the lung, liver, and cervix; but much lower rates of cancers of the breast, colon and rectum, prostate, melanoma of skin, and lymphoma. Some of these differences can be explained, in part at least, by differences in risk factor prevalence. Indigenous Australians also have higher mortality and lower survival from cancer as a whole than other Australians. More advanced disease at diagnosis, and possibly poorer treatment, are partly responsible for these differences, but other factors may also be involved. Conclusions: Less accessible and less effective health programs are as great a problem for cancer control as for other aspects of Indigenous health in Australia. Major improvements in preventive services, screening, primary care, and specialist treatment services are required to reduce cancer incidence and improve cancer outcomes for Australia's Indigenous people.
Keywords indigenous
cervical screening-program
non-hispanic whites
aboriginal community
auckland region
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Created: Mon, 26 Nov 2007, 15:07:47 CST