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Collaboration in maternity care: a randomised controlled trial comparing community-based continuity of care with standard hospital care

Homer, Caroline S., Davis, Gregory K., Brodie, Pat M., Sheehan, Athena, Barclay, Lesley M., Wills, Jo and Chapman, Michael G. (2001). Collaboration in maternity care: a randomised controlled trial comparing community-based continuity of care with standard hospital care. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology,108(1):16-22.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Collaboration in maternity care: a randomised controlled trial comparing community-based continuity of care with standard hospital care
Author Homer, Caroline S.
Davis, Gregory K.
Brodie, Pat M.
Sheehan, Athena
Barclay, Lesley M.
Wills, Jo
Chapman, Michael G.
Journal Name British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Publication Date 2001
Volume Number 108
Issue Number 1
ISSN 1470-0328   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 16
End Page 22
Total Pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Objective: To test whether a new community-based model of continuity of care provided by midwives and obstetricians improved maternal clinical outcomes, in particular a reduced caesarean section rate.

Design: Randomised controlled trial.

Setting: A public teaching hospital in metropolitan Sydney, Australia.

Sample: 1089 women randomised to either the community-based model (n=550) or standard hospital-based care (n=539) prior to their first antenatal booking visit at an Australian metropolitan public hospital.

Main outcome measures: Data were collected on onset and outcomes of labour, antenatal, intrapartum and postnatal complications, antenatal admissions to hospital and neonatal mortality and morbidity.

Results: There was a significant difference in the caesarean section rate between the groups, 13.3% (73/550) in the community-based group and 17.8% in the control group (96/539). This difference was maintained after controlling for known contributing factors to caesarean section (OR=0.6, 95% CI 0.4–0.9, P=0.02). There were no other significant differences in the events during labour and birth. Eighty babies (14.5%) from the community-based group and 102 (18.9%) from the control group were admitted to the special care nursery, but this difference was not significant (OR 0.75, 95% CI 0.5-1.1, P=0.12). Eight infants died during the perinatal period (four from each group), for an overall perinatal mortality rate of 7.3 per 1000 births.

Conclusion: Community-based continuity of maternity care provided by midwives and obstetricians resulted in a significantly reduced caesarean section rate. There were no other differences in clinical outcomes.
Keywords Australian
Birth
Cesarean Section
Clinical
Epidemiology
Infant
Interprofessional Relations
Maternal Health Services
Morbidity
Mortality
organization & administration
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0306-5456(00)00022-X   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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Created: Mon, 26 Nov 2007, 15:07:47 CST