Charles Darwin University

CDU eSpace
Institutional Repository

 
CDU Staff and Student only
 

Case-control study of the association between kava use and pneumonia in eastern Arnhem Land Aboriginal communities (Northern Territory, Australia)

Clough, Alan R., Wang, Zhiqiang, Bailie, Ross S., Burns, Chris B. and Currie, Bart J. (2003). Case-control study of the association between kava use and pneumonia in eastern Arnhem Land Aboriginal communities (Northern Territory, Australia). Epidemiology and Infection,131(1):627-635.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 6 times in Scopus Article | Citations

Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your CDU eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Download this reading Clough_3286.pdf Published version application/pdf 135.65KB 40
Reading the attached file works best in Firefox, Chrome and IE 9 or later.

Title Case-control study of the association between kava use and pneumonia in eastern Arnhem Land Aboriginal communities (Northern Territory, Australia)
Author Clough, Alan R.
Wang, Zhiqiang
Bailie, Ross S.
Burns, Chris B.
Currie, Bart J.
Journal Name Epidemiology and Infection
Publication Date 2003
Volume Number 131
Issue Number 1
ISSN 0950-2688   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-0041353511
Start Page 627
End Page 635
Total Pages 9
Place of Publication Cambridge, U.K
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Field of Research 0605 - Microbiology
0799 - Other Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
1107 - Immunology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Pneumonia causes significant morbidity and mortality in Aboriginal populations in Australia's Northern Territory (NT). Kava, consumed in Arnhem Land since 1982, may be a risk factor for infectious disease including pneumonia. A case-control study (n=115 cases; n=415 controls) was conducted in 7001 Aboriginal people (4217 over 15 years). Odds ratios (OR) were calculated by conditional logistic regression with substance use and social factors as confounders. Pneumonia, vas not associated with kava use. Crude OR=1.26 (0.74-2.14, P=0.386), increased after controlling for confounders (OR=1.98, 0.63-6.23, P=0.237) but was not significant. Adjusted OR for pneumonia cases involving kava and alcohol users was 1.19 (0.39-3.62, P=0.756). In communities with longer kava-using histories, adjusted OR was 2.19 (0.67-7.14, P=0.187). There was no kava dose-response relationship. Crude ORs for associations between pneumonia and cannabis use (OR=2.27, 1.18-4.37, P=0.014) and alcohol use (OR=1.95, 1.07-3.53, P=0.026) were statistically significant and approached significance for petrol sniffing (OR=1.98, 0.99-3.95, P=0.056).
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0950268803008628   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)


© copyright

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in CDU eSpace. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact digitisation@cdu.edu.au.

 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 80 Abstract Views, 41 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 28 Nov 2007, 14:16:08 CST