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Haematocrit levels and anaemia in Australian children aged 1-4 years

Mackerras, DEM, Hutton, SI and Anderson, PR (2004). Haematocrit levels and anaemia in Australian children aged 1-4 years. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition,13(4):330-335.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Haematocrit levels and anaemia in Australian children aged 1-4 years
Author Mackerras, DEM
Hutton, SI
Anderson, PR
Journal Name Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Publication Date 2004
Volume Number 13
Issue Number 4
Start Page 330
End Page 335
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of anaemia, mean haematocrit levels, and the risk factors influencing haematocrit in participants of the 1995 National Survey of Lead in Children. A nationally-representative cross-sectional survey of children aged 1-4 years inclusive was done. Mean haematocrit and the proportion with anaemia using both the US and WHO haematocrit-based criteria were calculated. Multivariate regression was used to identify factors associated with haematocrit. Mean haematocrit level was 38.8% (95% Cl: 38.6 - 39.1%) and varied with age of child, state/territory of residence and whether the child was taking supplements. It did not vary by sex, Aboriginal identification, maternal birthplace, whether the child ate meat or any other selected characteristic. The factors identified explained only 4% of the variation in haematocrit levels. The prevalence of anaemia was 3.3% (95% Cl: 2.4 - 4.5%) based on the US criteria and 2.0% (95% Cl: 1.3 3.1%) based on the WHO criteria. The prevalence of anaemia in this national survey was lower than the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia reported in several more localised studies.
Keywords anaemia
haematocrit
national survey
children
australia
iron status
dietary iron
deficiency
sydney
 
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