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Integrated rice-fish farming in Bangladesh: meeting the challenges of food security

Ahmed, Nesar and Garnett, Stephen T. (2011). Integrated rice-fish farming in Bangladesh: meeting the challenges of food security. Food Security: the science, sociology and economics of food production and access to food,3(1):81-92.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 82057923xPUB171
Title Integrated rice-fish farming in Bangladesh: meeting the challenges of food security
Author Ahmed, Nesar
Garnett, Stephen T.
Journal Name Food Security: the science, sociology and economics of food production and access to food
Publication Date 2011
Volume Number 3
Issue Number 1
ISSN 1876-4517   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-79952363637
Start Page 81
End Page 92
Total Pages 12
Place of Publication Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract In order to meet the soaring demand for food, there is a need to increase rice and fish production in Bangladesh. In spite of the potential for rice-fish farming, rice monoculture remains the main farming system in Bangladesh. However, rice monoculture cannot provide a sustainable food supply without a cost to long-term environmental sustainability. We provide evidence that integrated rice-fish farming can play an important role in increasing food production as the integrated farming system is better than rice monoculture in terms of resource utilization, diversity, productivity, and both the quality and quantity of the food produced. The Cobb-Douglas production function model also suggests that higher yields can be achieved by increasing inputs in the integrated farming system. Integrated rice-fish farming also provides various socioeconomic and environmental benefits. Nevertheless, only a small number of farmers are involved in integrated rice-fish farming due to a lack of technical knowledge, and an aversion to the risks associated with flood and drought. We conclude that integrated rice-fish farming can help Bangladesh keep pace with the current demand for food through rice and fish production but requires greater encouragement if it is to realize its full potential.
Keywords Bangladesh
Farmer
Fish
Food security
Integrated farming
Rice
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12571-011-0113-8   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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