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Diversity of phytoplasmas in northern Australian sugarcane and other grasses

Tran-Nguyen, LT, Blanche, KR, Egan, B and Gibb, KS (2000). Diversity of phytoplasmas in northern Australian sugarcane and other grasses. Plant Pathology,49(6):666-679.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Diversity of phytoplasmas in northern Australian sugarcane and other grasses
Author Tran-Nguyen, LT
Blanche, KR
Egan, B
Gibb, KS
Journal Name Plant Pathology
Publication Date 2000
Volume Number 49
Issue Number 6
ISSN 0032-0862   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 666
End Page 679
Total Pages 14
Place of Publication Edinburgh,UK
Publisher Blackwell Science
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Plant pathogenic phytoplasmas found in grasses in northern Australia have the potential to adversely affect sugarcane production. To begin assessment of this threat, the number of grass species with phytoplasmas, the identity of those phytoplasmas, and their relationship with disease symptoms were determined. Sugarcane with and without symptoms of yellow leaf syndrome was included in the surveys. Molecular methods were used to detect and characterize phytoplasmas in grass species exhibiting symptoms typical of phytoplasma disease. Sugarcane samples were from the Ord River Irrigation Area, Western Australia, and Samford, Queensland. Samples of other grasses were from Wyndham, Kununurra and Broome, Western Australia, and Darwin, Northern Territory. Our survey identified four new phytoplasma host species and confirmed four known previously. Counting phytoplasmas, phytoplasma variants, and mixtures of phytoplasmas and variants, these eight host species had 33 different infections. Two phytoplasmas were new, cenchrus bunchy shoot which is related to Candidatus phytoplasma australiense, and sorghum bunchy shoot which is not closely related to any described phytoplasma. Twenty-five phytoplasma isolates were detected in sugarcane. Of these, tomato big bud phytoplasma was the most common. In most cases no clear association between phytoplasmas and symptoms could be determined. None of the phytoplasmas in Australian sugarcane, but two in other grasses, were closely related to phytoplasmas associated with white leaf and grassy shoot diseases in Asian sugarcane. This study demonstrates that diversity of phytoplasmas and grass host species in northern Australia is greater than previously thought, and that symptoms alone are not always reliable indicators of phytoplasma presence or absence. It provides the groundwork to improve future field surveys, and for initiation of transmission trials to determine whether insect vectors capable of transmitting phytoplasmas from native grasses to sugarcane are present in the region.
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Created: Fri, 12 Sep 2008, 08:35:25 CST by Administrator