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Racism as a determinant of social and emotional wellbeing for Aboriginal Australian youth.

Priest, Naomi C., Paradies, Yin C., Gunthorpe, Wendy, Cairney, Sheree J. and Sayers, Susan M. (2011). Racism as a determinant of social and emotional wellbeing for Aboriginal Australian youth.. Medical Journal of Australia,194(10):546-550.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID jsingletonxPUB14
NHMRC Grant No. 628897
Title Racism as a determinant of social and emotional wellbeing for Aboriginal Australian youth.
Author Priest, Naomi C.
Paradies, Yin C.
Gunthorpe, Wendy
Cairney, Sheree J.
Sayers, Susan M.
Journal Name Medical Journal of Australia
Publication Date 2011
Volume Number 194
Issue Number 10
ISSN 0025-729X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 546
End Page 550
Total Pages 4
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty. Ltd.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Objective: To explore the associations between self-reported racism and health and wellbeing outcomes for young Aboriginal Australian people.

Design, setting and participants:
A cross-sectional study of 345 Aboriginal Australians aged 16–20 years who, as participants in the prospective Aboriginal Birth Cohort Study, were recruited at birth between 1987 and 1990 and followed up between 2006 and 2008.

Main outcome measures:
Self-reported social and emotional wellbeing using a questionnaire validated as culturally appropriate for the study’s participants; recorded body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio.

Self-reported racism was reported by 32% of study participants. Racism was significantly associated with anxiety (odds ratio [OR], 2.18 [95% CI, 1.37–3.46]); depression (OR, 2.16 [95% CI, 1.33–3.53]); suicide risk (OR, 2.32 [95% CI, 1.25–4.00]); and poor overall mental health (OR, 3.35 [95% CI, 2.04–5.51]). No significant associations were found between self-reported racism and resilience or any anthropometric measures.

Self-reported racism was associated with poor social and emotional wellbeing outcomes, including anxiety, depression, suicide risk and poor overall mental health.
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