Charles Darwin University

CDU eSpace
Institutional Repository

 
CDU Staff and Student only
 

Impact of ethnicity and socio-economic status on Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia incidence and mortality: a heavy burden in Indigenous Australians

Tong, Steven Y. C., van Hale, Sebastian J., Einsiedel, Lloyd, Currie, Bart J. and Turnidge, John D. (2012). Impact of ethnicity and socio-economic status on Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia incidence and mortality: a heavy burden in Indigenous Australians. BMC Infectious Diseases,12(249):1-9.

Document type: Journal Article
Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your CDU eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Download this reading Tong_38286.pdf Published version application/pdf 723.94KB 83
Reading the attached file works best in Firefox, Chrome and IE 9 or later.

IRMA ID bsmithxPUB113
NHMRC Grant No. 508829
Title Impact of ethnicity and socio-economic status on Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia incidence and mortality: a heavy burden in Indigenous Australians
Author Tong, Steven Y. C.
van Hale, Sebastian J.
Einsiedel, Lloyd
Currie, Bart J.
Turnidge, John D.
Journal Name BMC Infectious Diseases
Publication Date 2012
Volume Number 12
Issue Number 249
ISSN 1471-2334   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84867127549
Start Page 1
End Page 9
Total Pages 8
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Background
Investigations of the impact of ethnicity and socio-economic status on incidence and outcomes of Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia are limited.

Methods
We prospectively identified all S. aureus bacteraemia episodes in the Australian New Zealand Cooperative on Outcomes in Staphylococcal Sepsis cohort study between 2007 and 2010. We calculated population level incidence rates using regional postcodes and stratified the analysis by ethnicity, age and socio-economic status indexes.

Results
There were 7539 episodes of S. aureus bacteraemia with an annual incidence of 11·2 episodes per 100,000 population. The age-adjusted incidence in the Indigenous population was 62·5 per 100,000 population with an age standardized incidence rate ratio of 5·9 compared to the non-Indigenous population and an incidence rate ratio of 29.2 for community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Populations in the lowest socio-economic status quintile had an increased S. aureus bacteraemia incidence compared to higher quintiles. However, there was a disparity between Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations across all socio-economic status quintiles. The lower 30-day mortality for Indigenous patients (7%) compared to non-Indigenous patients (17%) was explained by differences in age.

Conclusions
Indigenous Australians suffer from a higher rate of S. aureus bacteraemia than non-Indigenous Australians, particularly for community-associated MRSA. Ethnicity and socio-economic status had little impact on subsequent mortality, with other host factors contributing more significantly.
Keywords Staphylococcus aureus
Bacteremia
Ethnicity
Socio-economic status
Indigenous
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-12-249   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)


© copyright

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in CDU eSpace. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact digitisation@cdu.edu.au.

 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 44 Abstract Views, 83 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Fri, 17 Jan 2014, 01:21:42 CST