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Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in a sample of Indigenous women in Darwin, Australia

Boyle, Jacqueline A., Cunningham, Joan, O'Dea, Kerin, Dunbar, Terry E. and Norman, Robert J. (2012). Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in a sample of Indigenous women in Darwin, Australia. Medical Journal of Australia,196(1):62-66.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID cspargoxPUB2
NHMRC Grant No. 283310
Title Prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in a sample of Indigenous women in Darwin, Australia
Author Boyle, Jacqueline A.
Cunningham, Joan
O'Dea, Kerin
Dunbar, Terry E.
Norman, Robert J.
Journal Name Medical Journal of Australia
Publication Date 2012
Volume Number 196
Issue Number 1
ISSN 0025-729X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84857831359
Start Page 62
End Page 66
Total Pages 5
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty. Ltd.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Objective: To document the prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and its associated characteristics in a sample of urban Indigenous women.

Design: A cross-sectional survey of Indigenous women, including biochemical and anthropometric assessments. PCOS was assessed using the National Institutes of Health 1990 criteria.

Setting and participants: Indigenous women, aged 15–44 years, living in a defined area in and around Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, September 2003 – March 2005.

Main outcome measures: Proportion of participants with PCOS overall and measures of obesity.

Results: Among 248 women eligible for assessment, the proportion who had PCOS was 15.3% (95% CI, 10.8%–19.8%). The proportion with PCOS was similar across age groups, but was significantly higher (P = 0.001) in women with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 (30.5%) compared with women with a BMI of 25.0–29.9 kg/m2 (8.2%) or a BMI of < 25.0 kg/m2 (7.0%).

Conclusions: A high proportion of these Indigenous women had PCOS. The significant relationship with obesity gives a strong rationale for screening for PCOS during routine care of Indigenous women who are obese and of reproductive age.
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