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Fascinating and Forgotten: The Conservation Status of Marine Elapid Snakes

Elfes, Cristiane T., Livingstone, Suzanne R., Lane, Amanda, Lukosche, Vimoksalehi, Sanders, Kate L., Courtney, Anthony J., Gatus, Joey L., Guinea, Michael, Lobo, Aaron S., Milton, David, Rasmussen, Arne R., Read, Mark, White, Mahree-Dee, Sanciangco, Jonnell, Alcala, Angel, Heatwole, Harold, Karns, Daryl R., Seminoff, Jeffrey A., Voris, Harold K., Carpenter, Kent E. and et al. (2013). Fascinating and Forgotten: The Conservation Status of Marine Elapid Snakes. Herpetological Conservation and Biology,8(1):37-52.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 82057923xPUB545
Title Fascinating and Forgotten: The Conservation Status of Marine Elapid Snakes
Author Elfes, Cristiane T.
Livingstone, Suzanne R.
Lane, Amanda
Lukosche, Vimoksalehi
Sanders, Kate L.
Courtney, Anthony J.
Gatus, Joey L.
Guinea, Michael
Lobo, Aaron S.
Milton, David
Rasmussen, Arne R.
Read, Mark
White, Mahree-Dee
Sanciangco, Jonnell
Alcala, Angel
Heatwole, Harold
Karns, Daryl R.
Seminoff, Jeffrey A.
Voris, Harold K.
Carpenter, Kent E.
et al.
Journal Name Herpetological Conservation and Biology
Publication Date 2013
Volume Number 8
Issue Number 1
ISSN 1931-7603   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84881004696
Start Page 37
End Page 52
Total Pages 16
Place of Publication United States of America
Publisher Herpetological Conservation and Biology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract An assessment of marine elapid snakes found 9% of marine elapids are threatened with extinction, and an
additional 6% are Near Threatened. A large portion (34%) is Data Deficient. An analysis of distributions revealed the
greatest species diversity is found in Southeast Asia and northern Australia. Three of the seven threatened species occur
at Ashmore and Hibernia Reefs in the Timor Sea, while the remaining threatened taxa occur in the Philippines, Niue, and
Solomon Islands. The majority of Data Deficient species are found in Southeast Asia. Threats to marine snakes include
loss of coral reefs and coastal habitat, incidental bycatch in fisheries, as well as fisheries that target snakes for leather.
The presence of two Critically Endangered and one Endangered species in the Timor Sea suggests the area is of
particular conservation concern. More rigorous, long-term monitoring of populations is needed to evaluate the success of
“conservation measures” for marine snake species, provide scientifically based guidance for determining harvest quotas,
and to assess the populations of many Data Deficient species.
Keywords Biodiversity
Coastal
Endangered species
Fishing bycatch
Hydrophiiane
Hydrophiini
Laticaudini
Red List
Sea kraits
Sea snake
Description for Link Link to published version
URL http://herpconbio.org/Volume_8/Issue_1/Elfes_etal_2013.pdf


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