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The relationships between body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in young Australian men

Liberato, Selma C., Maple-Brown, Louise J., Bressan, Josefina and Hills, Andrew P. (2013). The relationships between body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in young Australian men. Nutrition Journal,12(108):1-10.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID cmartelxPUB153
Title The relationships between body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in young Australian men
Author Liberato, Selma C.
Maple-Brown, Louise J.
Bressan, Josefina
Hills, Andrew P.
Journal Name Nutrition Journal
Publication Date 2013
Volume Number 12
Issue Number 108
eISSN 1475-2891
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84880953825
Start Page 1
End Page 10
Total Pages 10
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Introduction
Cardiovascular (CV) disease is a leading cause of global mortality. Despite clear evidence of the coexistence of several risk factors in young people as children and an understanding of the importance of the health behaviors in controlling CV disease, there are limited data on the relationships between risk factors and CV disease in young people. Therefore further study is required.

Objective
This study aimed to investigate associations among body composition, health behaviors and CV risk factors in young Australian men.

Methods
Thirty five healthy men aged 18–25 years had their blood pressure (BP), blood lipids, body composition, resting metabolic rate (RMR), physical activity, dietary intake and cardiorespiratory fitness assessed.

Results
Participants were categorised according to the percentage of body fat into two groups: lean and overweight men. There were no between-group differences in the biochemical indicators except that overweight men had lower HDL-C compared to lean men. Both groups had similar mean energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate and alcohol intake, RMR, physical activity level (PAL) and energy expenditure (EE). Most of the participants (65.7%) had LDL≥2.5 mmol/L. Other common individual risk factors were body fat≥20% (42.9%), waist circumference≥88 cm (28.6%), PAL<1.8 (22.9%) and systolic BP≥130 mmHg (20%). The mean number of CV risk factors was lower among men having a high intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA, >12% of the energy intake) regardless of whether they were overweight or lean and did not seem to differ according to the source of MUFA consumed.

Conclusions
It is a serious concern to observe such a high percentage of CV risk factors in a group of apparently healthy young men. The likelihood of multiple CV risk factors is greater among those with high body fatness and low MUFA intake. Intake of MUFA favorably affects CV risk factors regardless of the source.

Keywords Blood lipids
Dietary fatty acids
Body composition
Young men
Dietary intake
Cardiovascular risk factors
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-12-108   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
Additional Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Description for Link Link to CC Attribution 2.0 License
URL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/au/legalcode


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