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Achievement Goals And Means : A Cultural Comparison

Niles, Sushila (1998). Achievement Goals And Means : A Cultural Comparison. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology,29(5):656-667.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 13 times in Scopus Article | Citations

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Title Achievement Goals And Means : A Cultural Comparison
Author Niles, Sushila
Journal Name Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Publication Date 1998
Volume Number 29
Issue Number 5
ISSN 0022-0221   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-0032348828
Start Page 656
End Page 667
Total Pages 12
Place of Publication United States of America
Publisher Sage Publications, Inc.
Field of Research 380100 Psychology
Abstract Recent research suggests that achievement-related behavior is culture specific and multifaceted. It is argued that achievement goals as well as means of achievement are oriented predominantly toward the individual in some cultures and toward the collective in others. A study was designed to examine achievement goals and means in two different cultures; one identified as individualist (consisting of a sample of 259 Anglo-Australians aged between 19 and 63) and the other identified as collectivist (consisting of 300 Sri Lankans ranging in age between 19 and 49). The results reflect an individualist orientation in preferred achievement goals among Australians, although a narrowly defined social concern is present. Sri Lankans, although predominantly more family and group oriented, also have important individual goals. In respect of preferred means for achieving goals, both groups are remarkably similar. Both seem to strongly endorse a work ethic and individual responsibility.
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Created: Fri, 29 Aug 2014, 20:04:03 CST by Anthony Hornby