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Melioidosis in northern Australia, 2001-02

Cheng, Allen C., Hanna, Jeffrey N., Norton, Robert, Hills, Susan L., Davis, Joshua S., Krause, Vicki L., Dowse, Gary, Inglis, Tim J. and Currie, Bart J. (2003). Melioidosis in northern Australia, 2001-02. Communicable Diseases Intelligence,27(2):272-277.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Melioidosis in northern Australia, 2001-02
Author Cheng, Allen C.
Hanna, Jeffrey N.
Norton, Robert
Hills, Susan L.
Davis, Joshua S.
Krause, Vicki L.
Dowse, Gary
Inglis, Tim J.
Currie, Bart J.
Journal Name Communicable Diseases Intelligence
Publication Date 2003
Volume Number 27
Issue Number 2
ISSN 0725-3141   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 272
End Page 277
Total Pages 6
Place of Publication Canberra, ACT, Australia
Publisher Australian Government. Department of Health and Ageing. Office of Health Protection, Surveillance Branch
Language English
Field of Research 1103 - Clinical Sciences
1117 - Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Melioidosis, caused by the gram negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei, is endemic in northern Australia. Using data collated from centres in Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland, this report describes the epidemiology of this disease between 1 November, 2001 and 31 October, 2002. There were 47 cases seen during this period with an average annual incidence of 5.8 cases per 100,000 population. In Indigenous Australians, an incidence of 25.5 cases per 100,000 population was seen. The timing and location of cases was generally correlated with rainfall across northern Australia. A case-cluster in a Queensland community was associated with post-cyclonic flooding. Risk factors included diabetes, alcohol-related problems and renal disease. Pneumonia (51%) was the most common clinical diagnosis. The mortality rate attributable to melioidosis was 21 per cent, although a number of other patients died of underlying disease. Despite improvements in recognition and treatment, melioidosis is still associated with a high morbidity and mortality, particularly in Indigenous Australians.
Keywords Meliodidosis
Burkholderia pseudomallei
epidemiology
Additional Notes Current title: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report (ISSN: 1447-4514 (print) 1445-4866 (online))
Description for Link Link to published version
Link to publisher homepage
URL http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-pubs-cdi-2003-cdi2702-htm-cdi2702n.htm
https://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/Home


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