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Farmer perceptions of classical swine fever outbreak in communal pig production systems of South Africa

Madzimure, James, Zander, Kerstin K., Dzama, Kennedy and Chimonyo, Michael (2012). Farmer perceptions of classical swine fever outbreak in communal pig production systems of South Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Research,7(43):5819-5826.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Farmer perceptions of classical swine fever outbreak in communal pig production systems of South Africa
Author Madzimure, James
Zander, Kerstin K.
Dzama, Kennedy
Chimonyo, Michael
Journal Name African Journal of Agricultural Research
Publication Date 2012
Volume Number 7
Issue Number 43
ISSN 1991-637X   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 5819
End Page 5826
Total Pages 8
Place of Publication Nigeria
Publisher Academic Journals
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract After the outbreak of classical swine fever (CSF) in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa, policy makers are expected to make decisions on the restocking of pigs. The objective of this study was to investigate farmers’ perceptions of CSF outbreak in coastal and inland communal production systems because of their differences in harbouring pathogens. Data were collected from 288 farmers in two CSF affected areas (one on the coast, one inland) and one unaffected coastal area. The majority of farmers in affected inland (73%) and coastal (89%) areas kept local pigs and non-descript crosses with imported pigs on backyard production system. Significantly, more pigs were culled in the affected coastal area than inland area. In both areas, the culling of pigs affected pork availability and income generation. Household heads that were residing on the farms that are educated, mature and located inland were less likely to experience disease challenges. To facilitate restocking and conservation of local pig genetic resources, farmers requested the government and stakeholders to assist with loans, breeding stock, proper housing structures and improved extension services. Farmers in both coastal and inland areas perceived CSF as destructive to pigs, thereby jeopardising their source of livelihoods.

Keywords Pig genetic resources
Conservation
Disease outbreaks
Pig culling
Restocking
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJAR12.710   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
Additional Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Description for Link Link to CC Attribution 4.0 License
URL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/au/legalcode


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Created: Tue, 11 Nov 2014, 15:53:20 CST by Marion Farram