Charles Darwin University

CDU eSpace
Institutional Repository

 
CDU Staff and Student only
 

Premature mortality in aboriginal adults in the Northern Territory, 1979-1991

Cunningham, Joan and Condon, John R. (1996). Premature mortality in aboriginal adults in the Northern Territory, 1979-1991. Medical journal of Australia,165(6):309-312.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar

Title Premature mortality in aboriginal adults in the Northern Territory, 1979-1991
Author Cunningham, Joan
Condon, John R.
Journal Name Medical journal of Australia
Publication Date 1996
Volume Number 165
Issue Number 6
ISSN 0025-729X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 309
End Page 312
Total Pages 4
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty. Ltd.
Language English
Field of Research 320000 Medical and Health Sciences
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To identify important causes of premature mortality among Aboriginal adults in the Northern Territory (NT), 1979-1991.
METHODS: All deaths of NT Aboriginal residents aged 15-64 years which occurred in the NT between 1979 and 1991 and which were recorded by the Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages were included. Standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) were used to compare the number of deaths observed among Aboriginals in the NT to those expected, based on overall Australian rates. Years of potential life lost before age 65 (YPLL65) were estimated for specific causes of death.
RESULTS:
Aboriginal women (overall SMR, 5.5) and Aboriginal men (SMR, 4.7) experienced a high burden of excess mortality from almost every cause of death. This excess increased over time, especially for Aboriginal women. Among Aboriginal men, the most important causes of premature death were motor vehicle accidents (11% of excess deaths and 17% of YPLL65), ischaemic heart disease (10% of excess deaths and 10% of YPLL65), pneumonia and influenza (8% of excess deaths and 6% of YPLL65), and homicide (7% of excess deaths and 8% of YPLL65). For Aboriginal women, the most important causes included homicide (7% of excess deaths and 11% of YPLL65), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (10% of excess deaths and 5% of YPLL65), rheumatic heart disease (7% of excess deaths and 8% of YPLL65), and ischaemic heart disease (6% of excess deaths and 5% of YPLL65).
CONCLUSIONS: The wide variety of causes of excess mortality will require an equally wide variety of solutions, both medical and non-medical, and a long term commitment will be necessary to achieve reductions in premature mortality among NT Aboriginal adults.

Keywords Aboriginal
adults
Mortality
Northern Territory
Additional Notes 3712 (Journal) DA - 19961120IS - 0025-729X (Print)LA - engPT - Journal ArticleSB - IM
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 53 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 17 Dec 2007, 09:02:11 CST