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Evaluating the effects of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity and Play (LEAP) school playground intervention on children’s quality of life, enjoyment and participation in physical activity

Hyndman, Brendon, Benson, Amanda C., Ullah, Shahid and Telford, Amanda (2014). Evaluating the effects of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity and Play (LEAP) school playground intervention on children’s quality of life, enjoyment and participation in physical activity. BMC Public Health,14(164).

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Evaluating the effects of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity and Play (LEAP) school playground intervention on children’s quality of life, enjoyment and participation in physical activity
Author Hyndman, Brendon
Benson, Amanda C.
Ullah, Shahid
Telford, Amanda
Journal Name BMC Public Health
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 14
Issue Number 164
ISSN 1471-2458   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Total Pages 16
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
Field of Research EDUCATION
Abstract Background
An emerging public health strategy is to enhance children’s opportunities to be physically active during school break periods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the Lunchtime Enjoyment Activity and Play (LEAP) school playground intervention on primary school children’s quality of life (QOL), enjoyment and participation in physical activity (PA).

Methods
This study consisted of a movable/recycled materials intervention that included baseline, a 7-week post-test and an 8-month follow-up data collection phase. Children within an intervention school (n=123) and a matched control school (n=152) aged 5-to-12-years-old were recruited for the study. Children’s PA was measured using a combination of pedometers and direct observation (SOPLAY). Quality of life, enjoyment of PA and enjoyment of lunchtime activities were assessed in the 8-12 year children. A multi-level mixed effect linear regression model was applied in STATA (version 12.0) using the xtmixed command to fit linear mixed models to each of the variables to examine whether there was a significant difference (p < 0.05) between the intervention and control school at the three time points (pre, post and follow-up).

Results

Significant overall interaction effects (group x time) were identified for children’s mean steps and distance (pedometers) in the intervention school compared to the control school. Intervention school children also spent significantly higher proportions within specified target areas engaged in higher PA intensities in comparison to the control school at both the 7-week post-test and 8-month follow-up. A short-term treatment effect was revealed after 7-weeks for children’s physical health scale QOL, enjoyment of PA and enjoyment of intra-personal play activities.

Conclusions

Examining the effects of this school playground intervention over a school year suggested that the introduction of movable/recycled materials can have a significant, positive long-term intervention effect on children’s PA. The implications from this simple, low-cost intervention provide impetus for 2 schools to consider introducing the concept of a movable/recycled materials intervention on a wider scale within primary school settings.
Keywords Physical activity
Primary school
Intervention
Lunchtime
Children
Enjoyment
Quality of life
Recess
School playgrounds
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-164   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
Additional Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Description for Link Link to CC Attribution 2.0 License
URL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/au


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Created: Mon, 09 Feb 2015, 10:34:17 CST by Brendon Hyndman