Charles Darwin University

CDU eSpace
Institutional Repository

 
CDU Staff and Student only
 

Epidemiology of community-acquired and nosocomial bloodstream infections in tropical Australia: a 12-month prospective study

Douglas, Michael M., Lum, G., Roy, J., Fisher, Dale A., Anstey, Nicholas M. and Currie, Bart J. (2004). Epidemiology of community-acquired and nosocomial bloodstream infections in tropical Australia: a 12-month prospective study. Tropical Medicine and International Health,9(7):795-804.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts:
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar

Title Epidemiology of community-acquired and nosocomial bloodstream infections in tropical Australia: a 12-month prospective study
Author Douglas, Michael M.
Lum, G.
Roy, J.
Fisher, Dale A.
Anstey, Nicholas M.
Currie, Bart J.
Journal Name Tropical Medicine and International Health
Publication Date 2004
Volume Number 9
Issue Number 7
ISSN 1365-3156   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 795
End Page 804
Total Pages 10
Place of Publication Oxford
Publisher Blackwell Science
Field of Research 1117 - Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Objectives: To define the relative incidence of organisms causing blood stream infections in a tropical setting with a very low prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus infection (>1%). Methods: A 12-month prospective study of blood stream infections in 2000 at Royal Darwin Hospital in the tropical north of Australia. Results: Significant isolates were grown from 257 sets of blood cultures. Staphylococcus aureus was the most common isolate overall (28%); 26% of these were methicillin-resistant (MRSA). Escherichia coli was the most common cause of community-acquired bacteraemia. Burkholderia pseudomallei caused 32% of community acquired, bacteraemic pneumonia; 6% of bacteraemias overall. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci were not isolated. Crude mortality rates (13% overall; 9% attributable mortality) were lower than in most comparable studies. Conclusions: The major difference between these findings and surveys performed elsewhere is the presence of B. pseudomallei as a significant cause of bacteraemic community-acquired pneumonia. Our results demonstrate the effects of local environmental and patient characteristics on the range of organisms causing blood stream infections, and emphasize the important role of local microbiology laboratories in guiding empiric antibiotic therapy
Keywords Australia
bloodstream
community
Epidemiology
infections
nosocomial
study
tropical
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2004.01269.x   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
Additional Notes 3603 (Journal) DA - 20040701IS - 1360-2276LA - engPT - Journal ArticleSB - IM
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 46 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Mon, 17 Dec 2007, 09:02:11 CST