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Drowning and near-drowning in Northern Territory children

Edmond, K. M., Attia, J. R., Deste, C. A. and Condon, John R. (2001). Drowning and near-drowning in Northern Territory children. Medical journal of Australia,175(11-12):605-608.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Drowning and near-drowning in Northern Territory children
Author Edmond, K. M.
Attia, J. R.
Deste, C. A.
Condon, John R.
Journal Name Medical journal of Australia
Publication Date 2001
Volume Number 175
Issue Number 11-12
ISSN 0025-729X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 605
End Page 608
Total Pages 4
Place of Publication Sydney, Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To compare incidences of drowing for children in the Northern Territory (NT) with those in Queensland and the rest of Australia. DESIGN: Descriptive, retrospective, population-based analysis of death and hospitalisation data for drowning and near-drowning. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 0-14 years resident in Australia from 1983 to 1998. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Age-standardised average annual incidence of drowning (1983-1998) and near-drowning (1994-1997) in children aged 0-4 and 5-14 years in the NT, Queensland and the rest of Australia. RESULTS: The average annual incidence of drowning and near-drowning from 1994 to 1997 for children aged 0-4 years in the NT (67.82 per 100,000) was significantly higher than for Australia (24.45 per 100,000) (incident rate ratio [IRR], 2.77; 95% CI, 1.40-4.91) and for Queensland (32.55 per 100,000) (IRR, 2.13; 95% CI, 1.05-3.94). The proportion of children aged 0-4 years drowning or near-drowning in swimming pools from 1994 to 1997 was also significantly higher in the NT (83%) than Australia (64%) (difference, 0.19; 95% CI, 0.086-0.30) and Queensland (65%) (difference, 0.18; 95% Cl, 0.069-0.29). From 1983 to 1998, the incidence of drowning in NT children aged 0-4 years increased by 0.4% per year (IRR, 1.004; 95% Cl, 0.994-1.070), compared with a 5.0% reduction per year (IRR, 0.950; 95% Cl, 0.937-0.963) in Australian children. CONCLUSIONS: The incidences of drowning and near-drowning in the NT are higher than in the rest of Australia and show no significant decrease. The NT should improve its measures for prevention of childhood drowning.
Keywords Australian
Near Drowning
Northern Territory
Swimming Pools
Additional Notes 3874 (Journal) DA - 20020211IS - 0025-729X (Print)LA - engPT - Comparative StudyPT - Journal ArticlePT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tSB - IM
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Created: Mon, 17 Dec 2007, 09:02:11 CST