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How can we achieve global equity in provision of renal replacement therapy?

White, Sarah L., Chadban, Stephen J., Jan, Stephen, Chapman, Jeremy R. and Cass, Alan (2008). How can we achieve global equity in provision of renal replacement therapy?. Bulletin of the World Health Organization,86(3):229-237.

Document type: Journal Article

IRMA ID 84473293xPUB54
Title How can we achieve global equity in provision of renal replacement therapy?
Author White, Sarah L.
Chadban, Stephen J.
Jan, Stephen
Chapman, Jeremy R.
Cass, Alan
Journal Name Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Publication Date 2008
Volume Number 86
Issue Number 3
ISSN 0042-9686   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-41649109861
Start Page 229
End Page 237
Total Pages 8
Place of Publication Switzerland
Publisher World Health Organization
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract There is a significant emerging burden of chronic and end-stage kidney disease in low- and middle-income countries, driven by population ageing and the global epidemic of type 2 diabetes. Sufferers of end-stage kidney disease require ongoing dialysis or kidney transplantation to survive; however, in many low- and middle-income countries, treatment options are strictly limited or unaffordable. Low numbers of maintenance dialysis patients and transplant recipients reflect profound economic and service provision challenges for health care systems in low- and middle-income countries in sustaining renal replacement therapy programmes. Underdeveloped organ donor and transplant programmes, health system and financing issues, ethical regulation of transplantation and the cost of pharmaceuticals commonly pose additional barriers to the delivery of efficient and cost-effective renal replacement therapy.

Development of locally appropriate transplant programmes, effective use of nongovernmental sources of funding, service planning and cost containment, use of generic drugs and local manufacture of dialysis consumables have the potential to make life-saving renal replacement therapy available to many more in need. Select low- and middle-income countries demonstrate more equitable provision of renal replacement therapy is possible outside high income countries. For other low- and middle-income countries, education, the development of good public policy and a supportive international environment are critical. Prevention of end-stage kidney disease, ideally as part of an integrated approach to chronic vascular diseases, must also be a key objective.

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.07.041715   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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