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Invasive pneumococcal disease among children in Victoria

Liu, Min, Andrews, Ross M., Stylianopoulos, Joanne, Ferreira, Catherine, Hogg, Geoff and Pyper, Nyree (2003). Invasive pneumococcal disease among children in Victoria. Communicable Diseases Intelligence,27(3):362-366.

Document type: Journal Article
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Title Invasive pneumococcal disease among children in Victoria
Author Liu, Min
Andrews, Ross M.
Stylianopoulos, Joanne
Ferreira, Catherine
Hogg, Geoff
Pyper, Nyree
Journal Name Communicable Diseases Intelligence
Publication Date 2003
Volume Number 27
Issue Number 3
ISSN 0725-3141   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 362
End Page 366
Total Pages 5
Place of Publication Canberra, ACT, Australia
Publisher Australian Government. Department of Health and Ageing. Office of Health Protection, Surveillance Branch
Language English
Field of Research 1103 - Clinical Sciences
1117 - Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract This study analysed notification data from the first year of enhanced surveillance of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in Victoria (1 July 2001 - 30 June 2002), with a focus on risk factors for infection and vaccination status among children under five years of age. Overall, there were 397 notifications (8.2 per 100,000 population), 131 (33%) were children under five years of age. The highest notification rates were among those aged less than two years (72.6 per 100,000 population). Among children aged less than five years: bacteraemia without a primary focus of infection was the most common clinical presentation (64%); 89 per cent were hospitalised with the median length of stay being three days; four children (3%) died. There were 107 cases of a known serotype, 92% (n = 98) were either in or closely related to those included in the 7-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (7vPCV). Most cases (98%) were not eligible for free 7vPCV under the currently funded program in Victoria. Only one child had been vaccinated. The results from the first year of enhanced IPD surveillance in Victoria suggest consideration should be given to extending the publicly funded program to include all children under two years of age.
Keywords Invasive pneumococcal disease
Enhanced surveillance
Risk factors
Additional Notes 3632 (Journal) DA - 20030926IS - 0725-3141 (Print)LA - engPT - Journal ArticlePT - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tRN - 0 (Streptococcal Vaccines)SB - IM Current title: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report (ISSN: 1447-4514 (print) 1445-4866 (online))
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