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Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy (Review)

Rumbold, Alice and Crowther, Caroline A. (2005). Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy (Review)<br />. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews,2005(2 - Article No. CD004069).

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Altmetric Score Altmetric Score is 3
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Title Vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy (Review)
Author Rumbold, Alice
Crowther, Caroline A.
Journal Name Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Publication Date 2005
Volume Number 2005
Issue Number 2 - Article No. CD004069
ISSN 1469-493X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Total Pages 29
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Language English
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract Background
Vitamin E supplementation may help reduce the risk of pregnancy complications involving oxidative stress, such as pre-eclampsia. There is a need to evaluate the efficacy and safety of vitamin E supplementation in pregnancy.

Objectives

To assess the effects of vitamin E supplementation, alone or in combination with other separate supplements, on pregnancy outcomes, adverse events, side-effects and use of health services.

Search methods

We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (23 June 2004), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (The Cochrane Library, Issue 2, 2004), MEDLINE (1966 to May 2004), Current Contents (1998 to May 2004) and EMBASE (1980 to May 2004). We updated the search of the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register on 7 May 2010 and added the results to the awaiting classification section.

Selection criteria

All randomised or quasi-randomised controlled trials evaluating vitamin E supplementation in pregnant women. We excluded interventions using a multivitamin supplement that contained vitamin E.

Data collection and analysis
Two authors independently assessed trials for inclusion, extracted data and assessed trial quality.

Main results
Four trials, involving 566 women either at high risk of pre-eclampsia or with established pre-eclampsia, were eligible for this review. All trials assessed vitamin E in combination with other supplements and two trials were published in abstract form only. No difference was found between women supplemented with vitamin E in combination with other supplements during pregnancy compared with placebo for the risk of stillbirth (relative risk (RR) was 0.77, 95% confidence intervals (CI) 0.35 to 1.71, two trials, 339 women), neonatal death (RR 5.00, 95% CI 0.64 to 39.06, one trial, 40 women), perinatal death (RR 1.29, 95% CI 0.67 to 2.48, one trial, 56 women), preterm birth (RR 1.29, 95% CI 0.78 to 2.15, two trials, 383 women), intrauterine growth restriction (RR 0.72, 95% CI 0.49 to 1.04, two trials, 383 women) or birthweight (weighted mean difference -139.00 g, 95% CI -517.68 to 239.68, one trial, 100 women), using fixed-effect models. Substantial heterogeneity was found for pre-eclampsia. Women supplemented with vitamin E in combination with other supplements compared with placebo were at decreased risk of developing clinical pre-eclampsia (RR 0.44, 95% CI 0.27 to 0.71, three trials, 510 women) using fixed-effect models; however, this difference could not be demonstrated when using random-effects models (RR 0.44, 95% CI 0.16 to 1.22, three trials, 510 women). There were no differences between women supplemented with vitamin E compared with placebo for any of the secondary outcomes.

Authors' conclusions
The data are too few to say if vitamin E supplementation either alone or in combination with other supplements is beneficial during pregnancy.
[Note: The 24 citations in the awaiting classification section of the review may alter the conclusions of the review once assessed.]
Keywords Pregnancy
Vitamin E
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD004069.pub2   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)


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