Charles Darwin University

CDU eSpace
Institutional Repository

CDU Staff and Student only

Cost of best-practice primary care management of chronic disease in a remote Aboriginal community

Gador-Whyte, Andrew, Wakerman, John, Campbell, David, Lenthall, Sue, Struber, Janet, Hope, Alex and Watson, Colin (2014). Cost of best-practice primary care management of chronic disease in a remote Aboriginal community. Medical Journal of Australia,200(11):663-666.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 1 times in Scopus Article | Citations

Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your CDU eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Download this reading Wakerman_48964.pdf Published version application/pdf 154.08KB 227
Reading the attached file works best in Firefox, Chrome and IE 9 or later.

IRMA ID 75039815xPUB271
Title Cost of best-practice primary care management of chronic disease in a remote Aboriginal community
Author Gador-Whyte, Andrew
Wakerman, John
Campbell, David
Lenthall, Sue
Struber, Janet
Hope, Alex
Watson, Colin
Journal Name Medical Journal of Australia
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 200
Issue Number 11
ISSN 0025-729X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84904490581
Start Page 663
End Page 666
Total Pages 4
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty. Ltd.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Objective: To estimate the cost of completing all chronic care tasks recommended by the Central Australian Rural Practitioners Association Standard Treatment Manual (CARPA STM) for patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Design and setting: The study was conducted at a health service in a remote Central Australian Aboriginal community between July 2010 and May 2011. The chronic care tasks required were ascertained from the CARPA STM. The clinic database was reviewed for data on disease prevalence and adherence to CARPA STM guidelines. Recommended tasks were observed in a time-and-motion study of clinicians' work. Clinicians were interviewed about systematic management and its barriers. Expenditure records were analysed for salary and administrative costs.

Main outcome measures: Diabetes and CKD prevalence; time spent on chronic disease care tasks; completion of tasks recommended by the CARPA STM; barriers to systematic care identified by clinicians; and estimated costs of optimal primary care management of all residents with diabetes or CKD.

Results: Projected annual costs of best-practice care for diabetes and CKD for this community of 542 people were $900 792, of which $645 313 would be met directly by the local primary care service. Estimated actual expenditure for these conditions in 2009–10 was $446 585, giving a projected funding gap of $198 728 per annum, or $1733 per patient. High staff turnover, acute care workload and low health literacy also hindered optimal chronic disease care.

Conclusion: Barriers to optimal care included inadequate funding and workforce issues. Reduction of avoidable hospital admissions and overall costs necessitates adequate funding of primary care of chronic disease in remote communities.

DOI   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)

© copyright

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in CDU eSpace. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact

Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 180 Abstract Views, 227 File Downloads  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 19 Aug 2015, 12:00:33 CST