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Compromising for conservation: a protocol for developing sustainable conservation plans in biologically rich and monetarily impoverished communities

Indrawan, Mochamad, Garnett, Stephen T., Masala, Yunus and Wirth, Roland (2014). Compromising for conservation: a protocol for developing sustainable conservation plans in biologically rich and monetarily impoverished communities. Pacific Conservation Biology,20(1):3-7.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84376995xPUB10
Title Compromising for conservation: a protocol for developing sustainable conservation plans in biologically rich and monetarily impoverished communities
Author Indrawan, Mochamad
Garnett, Stephen T.
Masala, Yunus
Wirth, Roland
Journal Name Pacific Conservation Biology
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 20
Issue Number 1
ISSN 1038-2097   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84904420282
Start Page 3
End Page 7
Total Pages 5
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher C S I R O Publishing
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract TROPICAL rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial habitats on earth yet nearly all such ecosystems are located in developing countries (Ghazoul and Sheil 2010). Responsibility for stewardship of species richness is therefore borne by those who can least afford it. In many areas, poor people have few choices but to make a living by exploiting natural resources in ecologically valuable habitats. Limited education in developing countries can compound the difficulties of trying to develop and enforce conservation practices. The remote Indonesian Banggai Archipelago, is characterized by high biological diversity and contrastingly low income of its inhabitants. One main obstacle to maintaining the biodiversity is a vicious cycle whereby run-off from shifting agriculture in the forest deposits silt on coral reefs, putting further pressure on a fish stock already depleted by overfishing and coral reef destruction. This leads to a shortage of animal protein available to the islanders, prompting them to over-hunt forest vertebrates, which are already stressed from habitat destruction. Biodiversity conservation is complicated by the interplay of many factors outside the realm of biology, societal dynamics, including politics at many levels, decision-makers unschooled in conservation and limited collaboration between scientists and decision-makers. Therefore conservation practice needs to marry theory with pragmatism, eventually influencing the behavior, values, and decision-making of citizens and politicians alike (Reyers et al. 2010). Local and scientific knowledge can be integrated to provide a more comprehensive understanding of complex and dynamic socio-ecological systems. Only when relevant stakeholders are systematically represented can there be effective participation (Reed 2008). We investigated linking the conservation of flora and fauna with the livelihoods of the Banggai people, in particular possible trade offs and incentives that may encourage local participation and investment in conservation. This study was conducted with the ultimate objective of encouraging the creation of locally protected areas and is notable for taking place in one of the most isolated island communities in Indonesia.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/PC140003   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
Description for Link Link to publisher's version
URL http://www.publish.csiro.au/nid/302/paper/PC140003.htm
 
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