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The high burden of inpatient diabetes mellitus: the Melbourne Public Hospitals Diabetes Inpatient Audit

Bach, Leon, Ekinci, Elif, Engler, Dennis, Gilfillan, Chris, Hamblin, Shane, MacIsaac, Richard, Soldatos, Georgia, Steele, Cheryl, Ward, Glenn and Wyatt, Sue (2014). The high burden of inpatient diabetes mellitus: the Melbourne Public Hospitals Diabetes Inpatient Audit. Medical Journal of Australia,201(6):334-338.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 11381xPUB51
Title The high burden of inpatient diabetes mellitus: the Melbourne Public Hospitals Diabetes Inpatient Audit
Author Bach, Leon
Ekinci, Elif
Engler, Dennis
Gilfillan, Chris
Hamblin, Shane
MacIsaac, Richard
Soldatos, Georgia
Steele, Cheryl
Ward, Glenn
Wyatt, Sue
Journal Name Medical Journal of Australia
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 201
Issue Number 6
ISSN 0025-729X   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84910017396
Start Page 334
End Page 338
Total Pages 5
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Publishing Company Pty. Ltd.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of diabetes in inpatients in Melbourne hospitals.

Design:
Point prevalence survey of all inpatients in each hospital on a single day between 30 November 2010 and 22 November 2012.

Setting: 1
1 hospitals in metropolitan Melbourne including community, secondary and tertiary hospitals and one aged care and rehabilitation centre.

Participants: 2308 adult inpatients in all wards apart from intensive care, emergency, obstetrics and psychiatry.

Main outcome measures: Point prevalence of self-reported diabetes, details of current medication, self-reported frequency of complications.

Results:
Diabetes status was obtained in 2273 of 2308 inpatients (98.5%). Of these, 562 (24.7%) had diabetes (95% CI, 22.9%–26.5%). Diabetes prevalence ranged from 15.7% to 35.1% in different hospitals (P < 0.001). Patients with diabetes were older, heavier and more likely to be taking lipid-lowering, antihypertensive and blood-thinning medications. Of 388 patients with complete medication information, 270 (69.6%) were taking oral hypoglycaemic agents alone or in combination with insulin, 158 (40.7%) were treated with insulin (67 [17.3%] with insulin alone) and 51 (13.1%) were not taking medication for diabetes. The frequency of diabetes complications was very high: 207/290 (71.4%) for any microvascular complication, 275/527 (52.2%) for any macrovascular complication and 227/276 (82.2%) for any complication.

Conclusion: The high burden of diabetes in Melbourne hospital inpatients has major implications for patient health and health care expenditure. Optimising care of these high-risk patients has the potential to decrease inpatient morbidity and length of stay as well as preventing or delaying future complications. A formal Australian national audit of inpatient diabetes would determine its true prevalence and consequences, allowing rational planning to deal with shortcomings in its management.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi: 10.5694/mja13.00104   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)


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