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Cardiovascular disease risk prevention: preliminary survey of baseline knowledge, attitude and practices of a Nigerian rural community

Oguoma, Victor, Nwose, Ezekiel Uba and Bwititi, Philip Taderera (2014). Cardiovascular disease risk prevention: preliminary survey of baseline knowledge, attitude and practices of a Nigerian rural community. North American Journal of Medical Sciences,6(9):466-471.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 75039815xPUB559
Title Cardiovascular disease risk prevention: preliminary survey of baseline knowledge, attitude and practices of a Nigerian rural community
Author Oguoma, Victor
Nwose, Ezekiel Uba
Bwititi, Philip Taderera
Journal Name North American Journal of Medical Sciences
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 6
Issue Number 9
ISSN 2250-1541   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84907914322
Start Page 466
End Page 471
Total Pages 6
Place of Publication India
Publisher Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Background:Knowledge and attitude are significant factors impinging on whether individuals seek healthcare service. This flows on to impact public health knowledge of prevalence of diseases, and in turn, the practice of preventive medicine. As part of the international research collaboration agenda for Prediabetes and Cardiovascular Complications Study, a preliminary survey of one of the Ndokwa communities of Nigeria has been carried out.

Aim:
This study was to understand the baseline knowledge, attitudes and practices of a rural community in regards to cardiovascular diseases, and behavior toward risk management.

Materials and
Methods: Seventy-four volunteer participants were recruited, after public lectures, through secondary school and churches in the community. The survey was done using questionnaire. The knowledge component comprised questions about educational and personal health opinion. The attitude and practice components comprised questions about exercises and visiting healthcare facilities. Occupational backgrounds were also asked.

Results:
It is observed that majority of the community dwellers have (1) completed at least secondary education, (2) never attended a health check-up; and (3) do not engage in physical activity in the context of exercise. Twenty of the participants indicated not being in good health, of which only 35% have attended medical check-up for their ailment. Many of those who are yet to seek healthcare service cite affordability as their reason. With specific regards to diabetes and cardiovascular risk, over 71% of the survey participants are yet to do any blood sugar and/or lipid profile tests.

Conclusion:
This preliminary survey indicates that although the majority of respondents have secondary education and therefore are relatively literate, there is a gap between their knowledge of ill-health versus attitude and practice toward prevention; especially cardiovascular and diabetes diseases.
Keywords Cardiovascular disease
Diabetes
Low-mid income communities
Public health
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.141644   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
Additional Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Description for Link Link to CC Attribution 3.0 License
URL http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/


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