Charles Darwin University

CDU eSpace
Institutional Repository

 
CDU Staff and Student only
 

On the internal dynamics of the Shanghai ranking

Docampo, Domingo and Cram, Lawrence (2014). On the internal dynamics of the Shanghai ranking. Scientometrics: an international journal for all quantitative aspects of the science of science, communication in science and science policy,98(2):1347-1366.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts:
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar

IRMA ID 81144320xPUB13
Title On the internal dynamics of the Shanghai ranking
Author Docampo, Domingo
Cram, Lawrence
Journal Name Scientometrics: an international journal for all quantitative aspects of the science of science, communication in science and science policy
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 98
Issue Number 2
ISSN 0138-9130   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 1347
End Page 1366
Total Pages 20
Place of Publication Hungary
Publisher Akademiai Kiado Rt.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) published by researchers at Shanghai Jiao Tong University has become a major source of information for university administrators, country officials, students and the public at large. Recent discoveries regarding its internal dynamics allow the inversion of published ARWU indicator scores to reconstruct raw scores for 500 world class universities. This paper explores raw scores in the ARWU and in other contests to contrast the dynamics of rank-driven and score-driven tables, and to explain why the ARWU ranking is a score-driven procedure. We show that the ARWU indicators constitute sub-scales of a single factor accounting for research performance, and provide an account of the system of gains and non-linearities used by ARWU. The paper discusses the non-linearities selected by ARWU, concluding that they are designed to represent the regressive character of indicators measuring research performance. We propose that the utility and usability of the ARWU could be greatly improved by replacing the unwanted dynamical effects of the annual re-scaling based on raw scores of the best performers.
Keywords University
Ranking
ARWU
Dynamics
Shanghai
Score
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11192-013-1143-0   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Access Statistics: 13 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 19 Aug 2015, 12:19:57 CST