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Influences of face, stigma, and psychological symptoms on help-seeking attitudes in Macao

Cheang, Sut leng and Davis, J. Mark (2014). Influences of face, stigma, and psychological symptoms on help-seeking attitudes in Macao. PsyCh Journal,3(3):222-230.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 82794376xPUB291
Title Influences of face, stigma, and psychological symptoms on help-seeking attitudes in Macao
Author Cheang, Sut leng
Davis, J. Mark
Journal Name PsyCh Journal
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 3
Issue Number 3
ISSN 2046-0252   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 222
End Page 230
Total Pages 9
Place of Publication China
Publisher Zhongguo Kexueyuan Xinli Yanjiuso, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Psychology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between concerns about loss of face, stigma, psychological symptoms, and attitudes toward seeking mental health services such as counseling in Macao. Participants included 391 students attending the largest public university in Macao: 277 were from Macao and 114 were from Mainland China. Participants completed questionnaires measuring attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help, concerns about loss of face, self-stigma, public-stigma, and psychological symptoms. Results showed that positive attitudes toward help-seeking were significantly negatively correlated with self-stigma, public-stigma, and concerns about loss of face but there was no significant correlation with psychological symptoms. Psychological symptoms were positively correlated with face concerns, self-stigma, and public-stigma. Stigma (self and public) was found to be significantly positively associated with face concerns, but the correlations were weak. Findings also showed that Macao students had higher levels of distress, and endorsed greater self- and public-stigma than Mainland Chinese students; however, the groups did not differ in face concerns or attitudes toward help-seeking. Regression analysis indicated that group membership was not a significant predictor of help-seeking. Self-stigma was the strongest predictor of professional help-seeking. Age and sex were also found to be significant predictors. Results suggested that younger students were more likely to seek help and that female students reported greater levels of distress and tended to have more positive attitudes toward seeking psychological services than male students.
Keywords Asian students
attitudes toward seeking professional psychological help
loss of face
psychological distress
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Created: Wed, 19 Aug 2015, 12:20:21 CST