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Body Mass Index of North American Participants at the World Masters Games

DeBeliso, Mark, Sevene, Trish, Walsh, Joe, Adams, Kent J., Kettunen, Jyrki, Heazlewood, Ian T. and Climstein, Mike (2014). Body Mass Index of North American Participants at the World Masters Games. Journal of Sport Science,2(1):189-194.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84377429xPUB66
Title Body Mass Index of North American Participants at the World Masters Games
Author DeBeliso, Mark
Sevene, Trish
Walsh, Joe
Adams, Kent J.
Kettunen, Jyrki
Heazlewood, Ian T.
Climstein, Mike
Journal Name Journal of Sport Science
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 2
Issue Number 1
ISSN 2332-7839   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 189
End Page 194
Total Pages 6
Place of Publication United States of America
Publisher David Publishing Co., Inc.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract WMG (World Masters Games) athletes have either pursued a physically active lifestyle for an extended period of time or have initiated exercise/sport in later life. This unique cohort of middle-aged to older-aged adults remains relatively uninvestigated with regards to various measures of health. With a need for multifaceted solutions to the obesity epidemic, investigating special populations such as those competing in sport at older ages may further the understanding of the nexus between aging, physical activity and obesity. This study aims to investigate the BMI (body mass index) of North American WMG competitors with respect to national health guidelines and demographics. An online survey was utilized to collect demographic information from athletes competing at the Sydney WMG. BMI was derived using the participant’s height and body mass. A total of 928 (46.7% male, 53.3% female) participants from Canada and the United States (age: 52.6 ± 9.8 years) completed the survey. The top 5 sports in which participants competed were football (25.6%), track/field (15.4%), swimming (8.4%), volleyball (8.2%), and softball (7.8%). Female and male BMI (kg/m2) across all sports were: > 30 (obese: 13.9%), 25-29.9 (overweight: 34.1%), 18.5-24.9 (normal: 50.3%), and <18.5 (underweight: 1.7%). Data indicated that BMI was a health risk factor for 13.9% of the participants and a developing risk factor for 34.1% of the participants. Analysis demonstrated a significantly reduced (P < 0.05) classification of obesity of the North American WMG competitors when compared to Canadian and United States national populations. It is believed that adherence to exercise improves indices of general health. A key index of health (obesity) is significantly lower in incidence for North American WMG competitors when compared to Canadian and US populations.


Keywords Masters athletes
Masters games
BMI
Obesity
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.17265/2332-7839/2014.04.003   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)


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