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The radiological diagnosis of pneumonia in children

O'Grady, Kerry-Ann F., Torzillo, Paul J., Frawley, Kieran and Chang, Anne B. (2014). The radiological diagnosis of pneumonia in children. Pneumonia,5:38-51.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84473293xPUB8
Title The radiological diagnosis of pneumonia in children
Author O'Grady, Kerry-Ann F.
Torzillo, Paul J.
Frawley, Kieran
Chang, Anne B.
Journal Name Pneumonia
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 5
ISSN 2200-6133   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Start Page 38
End Page 51
Total Pages 14
Place of Publication Australia
Publisher Griffith University ePress
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Despite the importance of paediatric pneumonia as a cause of short and long-term morbidity and mortality worldwide, a reliable gold standard for its diagnosis remains elusive. The utility of clinical, microbiological and radiological diagnostic approaches varies widely within and between populations and is heavily dependent on the expertise and resources available in various settings. Here we review the role of radiology in the diagnosis of paediatric pneumonia. Chest radiographs (CXRs) are the most widely employed test, however, they are not indicated in ambulatory settings, cannot distinguish between viral and bacterial infections and have a limited role in the ongoing management of disease. A standardised definition of alveolar pneumonia on a CXR exists for epidemiological studies targeting bacterial pneumonias but it should not be extrapolated to clinical settings. Radiography, computed tomography and to a lesser extent ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging play an important role in complicated pneumonias but there are limitations that preclude their use as routine diagnostic tools. Large population-based studies are needed in different populations to address many of the knowledge gaps in the radiological diagnosis of pneumonia in children, however, the feasibility of such studies is an important barrier.
Keywords Radiology
DOI   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
Additional Notes This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Description for Link Link to CC Attribution 3.0 License

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