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Cost of illness due to typhoid fever in Pemba, Zanzibar, East Africa

Riewpaiboon, Arthorn, Piatti, Moritz, Ley, Benedikt, Deen, Jacqueline L., Ley-Thriemer, Kamala, von Seidlein, Lorenz, SalehJiddawi, Mohammad, Busch, Clara Jana-Lui, Schmied, Wolfgang H., Ali, Said Mohammed, Pak, GiDeok, Ochiai, Leon R., Puri, Mahesh K., Chang, Na Yoon, Wierzba, Thomas F. and Clemens, John D. (2014). Cost of illness due to typhoid fever in Pemba, Zanzibar, East Africa. Journal of Health Population and Nutrition,32(3):377-385.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84473306xPUB36
Title Cost of illness due to typhoid fever in Pemba, Zanzibar, East Africa
Author Riewpaiboon, Arthorn
Piatti, Moritz
Ley, Benedikt
Deen, Jacqueline L.
Ley-Thriemer, Kamala
von Seidlein, Lorenz
SalehJiddawi, Mohammad
Busch, Clara Jana-Lui
Schmied, Wolfgang H.
Ali, Said Mohammed
Pak, GiDeok
Ochiai, Leon R.
Puri, Mahesh K.
Chang, Na Yoon
Wierzba, Thomas F.
Clemens, John D.
Journal Name Journal of Health Population and Nutrition
Publication Date 2014
Volume Number 32
Issue Number 3
ISSN 1606-0997   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84907574438
Start Page 377
End Page 385
Total Pages 9
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract The aim of this study was to estimate the economic burden of typhoid fever in Pemba, Zanzibar, East Africa. This study was an incidence-based cost-of-illness analysis from a societal perspective. It covered new episodes of blood culture-confirmed typhoid fever in patients presenting at the outpatient or inpatient departments of three district hospitals between May 2010 and December 2010. Cost of illness was the sum of direct costs and costs for productivity loss. Direct costs covered treatment, travel, and meals. Productivity costs were loss of income by patients and caregivers. The analysis included 17 episodes. The mean age of the patients, was 23 years (range=5-65, median=22). Thirty-five percent were inpatients, with a mean of 4.75 days of hospital stay (range=3-7, median=4.50). The mean cost for treatment alone during hospital care was US$ 21.97 at 2010 prices (US$ 1=1,430.50 Tanzanian Shilling─TSH). The average societal cost was US$ 154.47 per typhoid episode. The major expenditure was productivity cost due to lost wages of US$ 128.02 (83%). Our results contribute to the further economic evaluation of typhoid fever vaccination in Zanzibar and other sub-Saharan African countries.
Keywords Cost of illness
Incidence-based approach
Typhoid fever
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Created: Wed, 19 Aug 2015, 12:32:25 CST