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Phytoplasmas and disease symptoms of crops and weeds in the semi-arid tropics of the Northern Territory, Australia

Wilson, D, Blanche, KR and Gibb, KS (2001). Phytoplasmas and disease symptoms of crops and weeds in the semi-arid tropics of the Northern Territory, Australia. Australasian Plant Pathology,30(2):159-163.

Document type: Journal Article
Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 16 times in Scopus Article | Citations

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Title Phytoplasmas and disease symptoms of crops and weeds in the semi-arid tropics of the Northern Territory, Australia
Author Wilson, D
Blanche, KR
Gibb, KS
Journal Name Australasian Plant Pathology
Publication Date 2001
Volume Number 30
Issue Number 2
ISSN 0815-3191   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-0035628289
Start Page 159
End Page 163
Total Pages 5
Place of Publication Vic, Australia
Publisher CSIRO Publishing
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DEST)
Abstract This study used molecular techniques to investigate the little-known characteristics of phytoplasmas in the semi-arid tropics of northern Australia in sesame, mung bean and peanut crops, and in adjacent non-crop species. Five new records of plant species associated with phytoplasma diseases are reported. No phytoplasmas were associated with fasciation but four phytoplasma strains were linked with other symptoms. Sweet potato little leaf variant Vinca 4, the most prevalent phytoplasma, was associated with symptoms of little leaf, or little leaf and phyllody, in all hosts (crop and non-crop species) except sesame, where it was most often associated with floral dieback. Tomato big bud was found only in sesame showing phyllody. Pigeon pea little leaf occurred in one mung bean and one peanut plant with little leaf and phyllody, and one non-crop species with yellowing and rosette formation. Waltheria little leaf was found in a single non-crop individual with little leaf and bunching symptoms. The findings show that adjacent non-crop species have the potential to function as reservoirs of phytoplasma disease for crop species but symptoms alone are not sufficient to diagnose specific phytoplasma strains.
Keywords chlorosis
legumes
pcr
proliferation
rflp
virescence
witches' broom
rhodococcus fascians
differentiation
amplification
transmission
organisms
yellows
strains
genes
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/AP01015   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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