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Healthy Eyes in Schools: An evaluation of a school and community-based intervention to promote eye health in rural Timor-Leste

Hobday, Karen, Ramke, Jacqueline, du Toit, Renee and Pereira, Sara M. (2015). Healthy Eyes in Schools: An evaluation of a school and community-based intervention to promote eye health in rural Timor-Leste. Health Education Journal,74(4):392-402.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 75039815xPUB972
Title Healthy Eyes in Schools: An evaluation of a school and community-based intervention to promote eye health in rural Timor-Leste
Author Hobday, Karen
Ramke, Jacqueline
du Toit, Renee
Pereira, Sara M.
Journal Name Health Education Journal
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 74
Issue Number 4
ISSN 0017-8969   (check CDU catalogue open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84931070708
Start Page 392
End Page 402
Total Pages 11
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications Ltd.
Field of Research MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES
1117 - Public Health and Health Services
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Objective:
To assess whether there was an improvement in the knowledge, attitudes and practices of students after the Healthy Eyes in Schools Project intervention and to complete a process evaluation to inform future implementation of health promotion interventions.

Design:

A descriptive, mixed-methods design was used, including questionnaires and interviews.

Setting:

Four primary schools in Aileu District, Timor-Leste. Local teachers received training and resources to implement nine lessons about eye health. The intervention was supported in two schools by the concurrent creation of school gardens and improvements to the water and sanitation, where required.

Method:

Students from classes 5 and 6 participated: 384 students aged 10–17 years (median = 12 years, inter-quartile range = 12–13 years) completed the baseline knowledge, attitudes and practices survey and 237 students participated in a follow-up survey. Interviews with teachers, students and parents informed the process evaluation.

Results:

The intervention was associated with an improvement in eye health knowledge and some attitudes and practices of students. Attitudes about the capabilities of blind children and adults did not change. The teachers’ attitude and support from principals and an international non-governmental organisation appeared to be key factors in the successful implementation of the Healthy Eyes in Schools Project. The limited eye health in the existing curriculum, limited parent participation and access to healthy food may have influenced the effectiveness of the Healthy Eyes in Schools Project intervention.

Conclusion:

A number of benefits appeared to be associated with the inclusion of eye health topics in school health and hygiene education in Timor-Leste. Concurrent development of a supportive environment appeared to enable this initiative. The results of this evaluation can be used to advocate to the Ministries of Education and Health and other education stakeholders for the inclusion of eye health in the health and hygiene curriculum.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0017896914540896   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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