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Progressive increase in community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Indigenous populations in northern Australia from 1993 to 2012

Tong, Steven Y. C., Varrone, Liana, Chatfield, Mark D., Beaman, M. and Giffard, Philip M. (2015). Progressive increase in community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Indigenous populations in northern Australia from 1993 to 2012. Epidemiology and Infection,143(7):1519-1523.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 11381xPUB7
Title Progressive increase in community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Indigenous populations in northern Australia from 1993 to 2012
Author Tong, Steven Y. C.
Varrone, Liana
Chatfield, Mark D.
Beaman, M.
Giffard, Philip M.
Journal Name Epidemiology and Infection
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 143
Issue Number 7
ISSN 0950-2688   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84926408737
Start Page 1519
End Page 1523
Total Pages 5
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Field of Research MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Hospital-based studies have determined high rates of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Indigenous populations. However, there is a paucity of community-based data. We obtained 20 years (1993–2012) of data on S. aureus isolates (N = 20 210) collected from community clinics that provide services for Indigenous communities in the Northern Territory, Australia. Methicillin resistance increased from 7% to 24%, resistance to macrolides remained stable at ~25%, and there was a slight increase in resistance to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The increase in methicillin resistance is concerning for the Indigenous communities represented by this data, but it is also of significance if virulent MRSA clones emerge and spread more widely from such settings.
Keywords Antibiotic resistance
community epidemics
methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA)
trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1017/S0950268814002611   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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