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Novel staphylococcal species that form part of a Staphylococcus aureus related complex: the non-pigmented S. argenteus and the non-human primate associated S. schweitzeri sp. nov.

Tong, Steven Y. C., Schaumburg, Frieder, Ellington, Matthew, Corander, Jukka, Pichon, Bruno, Leendertz, Fabian, Bentley, Stephen D., Parkhill, Julian, Holt, Deborah C., Peters, Georg and Giffard, Philip M. (2015). Novel staphylococcal species that form part of a Staphylococcus aureus related complex: the non-pigmented S. argenteus and the non-human primate associated S. schweitzeri sp. nov.. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology,65(1):15-22.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84473293xPUB7
Title Novel staphylococcal species that form part of a Staphylococcus aureus related complex: the non-pigmented S. argenteus and the non-human primate associated S. schweitzeri sp. nov.
Author Tong, Steven Y. C.
Schaumburg, Frieder
Ellington, Matthew
Corander, Jukka
Pichon, Bruno
Leendertz, Fabian
Bentley, Stephen D.
Parkhill, Julian
Holt, Deborah C.
Peters, Georg
Giffard, Philip M.
Journal Name International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Publication Date 2015
Volume Number 65
Issue Number 1
ISSN 1466-5034   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
Scopus ID 2-s2.0-84921455097
Start Page 15
End Page 22
Total Pages 8
Place of Publication United Kingdom
Publisher The Microbiology Society
Field of Research 0605 - Microbiology
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract We define two novel species of the genus Staphylococcus that are phenotypically similar to and have near identical 16S rRNA gene sequences to Staphylococcus aureus . However, compared to S. aureus and each other, the two species, Staphylococcus argenteus sp. nov. (type strain MSHR1132T = DSM 28299T = SSI 89.005T) and Staphylococcus schweitzeri sp. nov. (type strain FSA084T = DSM 28300T = SSI 89.004T), demonstrate: 1) at a whole-genome level considerable phylogenetic distance, lack of admixture, average nucleotide identity <95 %, and inferred DNA–DNA hybridization <70 %; 2) different profiles as determined by MALDI-TOF MS; 3) a non-pigmented phenotype for S. argenteus sp. nov.; 4) S. schweitzeri sp. nov. is not detected by standard nucA PCR; 5) distinct peptidoglycan types compared to S. aureus ; 6) a separate ecological niche for S. schweitzeri sp. nov.; and 7) a distinct clinical disease profile for S. argenteus sp. nov. compared to S. aureus .
DOI http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1099/ijs.0.062752-0   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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