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The Temporal Stability and Predictive Ability of the Gambling Outcome Expectancies Scale (GOES): A Prospective Study

Flack, Malcolm J. and Morris, Mary M. (2016). The Temporal Stability and Predictive Ability of the Gambling Outcome Expectancies Scale (GOES): A Prospective Study. Journal of Gambling Studies,32(3):923-933.

Document type: Journal Article
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IRMA ID 84377429xPUB79
Title The Temporal Stability and Predictive Ability of the Gambling Outcome Expectancies Scale (GOES): A Prospective Study
Author Flack, Malcolm J.
Morris, Mary M.
Journal Name Journal of Gambling Studies
Publication Date 2016
Volume Number 32
Issue Number 3
ISSN 1050-5350   (check CDU catalogue  open catalogue search in new window)
eISSN 1573-3602
Start Page 923
End Page 933
Total Pages 11
Place of Publication United States
Publisher Springer New York LLC
HERDC Category C1 - Journal Article (DIISR)
Abstract Previous research using the Gambling Outcome Expectancies Scale (GOES; Flack and Morris in J Gambl Stud, 2015. doi:10.1007/s10899-014-9484-z) revealed the instrument has excellent psychometric properties and differentially predicts gambling frequency and problem gambling scores. However, like the existing gambling motivation scales, the GOES psychometric properties and predictive utility have not been tested outside of cross sectional studies. The current study used a prospective survey design to redress this issue. Eight hundred and ninety-three participants, drawn from the general community, completed the second wave of the gambling survey. Temporal invariance testing revealed the GOES was reliable. Furthermore, the ability of the GOES to predict gambling behaviour using baseline and concurrent measures of gambling outcome expectancies was demonstrated. Specifically, consistent with the Wave 1 results, the gambling outcome expectancies that reflect diverse reasons for gambling (e.g., social, escape, and money) preferentially predicted gambling frequency whereas the narrower range of emotion focused reasons (e.g., excitement, escape, and ego enhancement) predicted gambling problems. Considered in light of the Wave 1 findings, these results underscore the need for gambling harm minimisation initiatives to take into account the emotion-oriented reasons for gambling.
Keywords Gambling Outcome Expectancies Scale (GOES)
Motivations
Motives
Temporal stability of the GOES
Problem gambling
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10899-015-9581-7   (check subscription with CDU E-Gateway service for CDU Staff and Students  check subscription with CDU E-Gateway in new window)
 
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